Mussolini And Hitler To The French Declaration And Bill Of Rights

956 words - 4 pages

Throughout time many different documents have been produced. Major political documents include “The Doctrine of Facism”, Mein Kampf, the English Bill of Rights, and the French Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen. These documents all have an important impact on the world, either positively or negatively. Documents that government officials present to citizens explain to them the rules and regulations needed to rule the country with positive outcomes. “The Doctrine of Facism” and Mein Kampf outline ideas about individual rights and political systems that are very different, and more restrictive, than the ideas outlines in the English Bill of Rights and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. However, despite these major differences, the documents do share a few small similarities.
Mussolini is the author of “The Doctrine of Facism”. Born on July 29, 1883 and then was killed publicly on April 28, 1945. He started his political life as a socialist but was later on expelled due to his opposition to the party's stance on neutrality in World War I. Mussolini criticized the Socialist party and later founded the fascist movement. Following the March on Rome in October 1922 he became the youngest Prime Minister in Italian history. After destroying all political disapproval through his secret police and outlawing labor strikes, Mussolini and his fascist followers consolidated their power through a series of laws that transformed the nation into a one-party dictatorship. Within five years he had established dictatorial authority by both legal and extraordinary means, aspiring to create a totalitarian state. Mussolini remained in power until he was deposed by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1943. A few months later, he became the leader of the Italian Social Republic, a German client regime in northern Italy; he held this post until his death in 1945.
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria, on April 20, 1889, he was the fourth of six children. He then moved to Germany when he was three years old. At a young age he showed great interest in art and culture. Whereas his father pressured him into becoming a government official. At the beginning of his political life he went to the Beer Hall Putsch. Here is where he was arrested for treason. After a twenty-four day trial he was sentenced to five years. During his first months he began writing his novel Mein Kampf and then actually was released early to show government officials his ideas. Hitler concentrates on racial nationalism, religious nationalism, and imperialist nationalism during his political life. Government officials then grant him permission to rule Germany to get them out of the depression that they were deeply involved with from the First World War. The power that Hitler is granted makes him power hungry, and he started making many laws concerning his beliefs, without being...

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