My Country, Culture, and History
Most people have not had a chance to know their country's history especially when they don't live in their home countries. I am fortunate enough to know even the pioneers of the land presently known as Uganda. Uganda lies on the equator, east of Africa, bordering Kenya in the east, Tanzania in the south, The Dominican Republic of Congo in the west and Sudan in the north. According to my fifteen years of adventure in Uganda, I will say it is a very good place to be which I am proud to call home.
My family's origin is traced way back from one of the earliest migrations in Africa, the Bantu migration. The Bantu people are believed to have migrated from the Niger Basin in West Africa by 1000 A.D. Due to a big increase in population, the Bantu faced problems like diseases, famine, lack of land and civil wars between families and clans. These and other factors forced people to move including some of the youth who moved just for adventure and to explore other lands. The Bantu people moved in search of fertile land to grow crops since they were mainly agriculturalists. They migrated in small groups as families or clans rather than communities. Migrations were slow and continuous covering many areas and generations moving from place to place (African mecca saffaries).
East Africa was the ideal place for settlement though some continued south searching for larger domains to graze their livestock and hunt for food. East Africa had abundant water including Lake Tanganyika, the deepest in Africa and Lake Victoria, the biggest in Africa. The River Nile also carried water to other parts of East Africa. These water bodies boosted trade and fishing.
The Bantu that settled north of Lake Victoria, present day Uganda, formed an empire known as the Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. This empire prospered for many years ruled by a King whose position was hereditary. The empire grew so big that it couldn't be controlled by just one person and few elders. This led to its final downfall. Its down fall gave birth to new smaller kingdoms among them included is the Buganda, Busoga, Banyankole, and part of the original Bunyoro Kingdom. These came to have different languages after some time though the languages still had similar dialects like "ntu" and "ndu". My mother is from Busoga. The people are called Basoga, and my father is from Buganda and the people are called Baganda. Since a child takes the father's culture, I am a Muganda. However, I speak both languages, that is, Luganda and Lusoga.
Buganda had a centralized system of government which by 1750 was the best organized in the region (my Uganda). The King, known as the Kabaka, helped by the Prime Minister, known as the Katikiro, Nalinya or royal sister, Namusoke the queen mother and Gabunga or Naval. The Kingdom was divided into counties, which were further divided into sub-counties. Sub-counties were divided into Parishes and sub-parishes. The Bantu had mainly extended families...