Personal Mission Statement
Education is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge and skills through teaching and learning. As an educator, my personal mission statement is to master my subject area in order to serve as a role model for my students thereby producing students who thoroughly understand the subject matter, and who develop holistically. In order to achieve this goal I must have a set education philosophy with a strong Christian worldview. I must also have a general understanding of the different world and education philosophies.
Metaphysics is defined as the branch of philosophy that examines the true nature of reality whether visible or invisible. Metaphysics includes the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, and, fact and value.
Idealists believe that only the mental is ultimate reality and that the mental world of ideas is permanent, regular and orderly (Berumen, 2014). They affirm that reality is essentially spiritual or mental and denies the possibility of knowing anything except ideas. Idealists theorize that ultimate reality is solely in the mind and argues that the universe is an expression of highly generalized intelligence and will (Gutek, 1997, p. 18). In summary, Idealists believe that what exists really exists, and cannot be changed because it is permanent, and cannot be new because it is regular.
In contrast to Idealists, Pragmatists believes that there are no unchanging or eternal truths. Pragmatists reject the dualistic view of the world. Gutek states, “Dewey argued against a dualistic conception of the universe, which he claimed was merely a human contrivance designed to postulate a theoretically unchanging realm of complete and perfect certitude” (1997, p. 84). Unlike Idealists, they believe that what was true today can be false tomorrow or what is unknown today can be known tomorrow.
Epistemology is the study of knowing. It deals with the nature of knowledge. It questions what we know, how we know, truths and the limits of knowledge.
In Idealism, ideas are latent but not evident. Idealists believe in the power of reasoning but de-emphasize both the scientific method and sense perception. They contend that the rational mind has the ability to reason its way to the original ideas that support the physical world. (Pearson, 2011, p. 83). In essence, Idealists believe ideas are present but not consciously expressed. They believe the human mind is able to perceive ideas.
In Pragmatism, ideas are based on observable experiences. Rather than focusing on the body of knowledge, Pragmatists stress problem-solving (Berumen, 2014). In other worlds they focus on the “Scientific Method”. I agree that solving problems and understanding how you solve them is more important that the body of knowledge.
Axiology is a branch of philosophy that focuses on how people determine the value of things. Axiology asks questions such as, “what is beauty?”, “what is good...