My Personal Theory Of Counseling Essay

943 words - 4 pages

Values, Morals, and Beliefs are components that play a role in an individual’s self-identity. The establishment of these components shape human nature, behavior, and the development of an individual’s purpose. The basis of these fundamentals has contributed to my desire to become a counselor. This paper will discuss my views of human nature, factors of behavior changes, goals of therapy, the roles of a therapist, and the counseling approaches that I chose to incorporate in a practice.
The understanding of human nature is the concept that there is a set of inherent distinguishing characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that all humans tend to possess (Winkler, 1996). My basic view of human nature correlates with Charles Darwin’s nature vs. nurture theory. Human nature is influenced by both nature and nurture. Nature is all that a man brings with himself into the world, and nurture is every influence that affects him after his birth. An individual’s morals, values, and beliefs are developed from the nurturing aspect of their life. The environment that an individual is raised in creates their human nature. Then they go through life developing more upon their own morals, values, and beliefs. The nature vs. nurture theory is an every changing concept, and I believe that human nature changes for each individual based on their life experiences.
Human nature and behavior are forms of development. There are key factors that account for changes in behavior such as, physical, social, and intellectual. Physical factors are associated with an individual’s health and well being. For instance, if an individual has been infected by a disease or mental disorder their behavior will change. A person that suffers from depression will sleep more than usual, and will lack social interest, and this alters the person physically. Social factors associated with human development are the factors that surround the individual. The social factors are the issues that are involved in their environment. For instance, social factors could be peer pressure, parental support, cultural and religious background, socioeconomic status, and interpersonal relationships, and all of these factors contribute to the development, and help to shape personality and influence psychological makeup. The intellectual factors that accounts for behavior changes is the mental capacity and stability of an individual. These factors are learned as well as innate. Intellectual factors are involved in human development being that it is how the individual processes information mentally, that determines their behavior. Physical, social, and intellectual factors are major components to the changes in behavior.
The nature of therapist-client relationship and understanding the therapist’s role is vital in making sure that the client’s rights are not jeopardized. The client must be willing to trust the therapist. The therapist can earn the trust of the client will...

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