This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

My Study Notes For Final. Brief Overview Of Hume, Kant, And Mill.

941 words - 4 pages

6. Hume: all that we know come from our senses. If there is no experience of God, it does not exist. All our knowledge make of perceptions: a) impressions - immediate info that comes through senses (emotions, passions, inner feelings) a1) simple - what make you think (color, smell, taste); a2) complex - made up of simple impressions (snow) b) ideas - thinking about impressions, they are copies or fake images of impressions; b1) simple - produced by simple impressions; b2) complex - produced by simple ideas. Simple ideas are meaningless. Knowledge: 1) relation of ideas a formal truth independent of any experience (math, logic), it gives us absolute certainty, but tells nothing about the world; 2) maters of fact based on sense impressions which may be true of false, statement about the world but gives no absolute certainty because can be logically contradicted. No possibility of knowing of facts because laws may change (we fall on the ice not all the time). We don't see causing effect, only objects.
Knowledge of causes and effect gives us info about the means to obtain some end (health - end you want, exercise - means). Reason gives us info about the best means to some end but says nothing of the ends. Arguments against reason being the basis of morality: 1) moral convictions are practical providing an immediate motivation to action; 2) beliefs that come from reason are inert in themselves having no immediate bearing on actions; 3) passions/ desires have direct impact on action. Therefore moral convictions don't come from reason, but passions. We call things nice because they give us a nice feeling, pleasure.

7. Kant: "golden rule" is the logical rule to follow. K. want to develop morality that applies to all people at all times. Types of commands/ imperatives: 1) Hypothetical based or depend upon inclinations, desires , they are conditional a) rules of skill - can't be a moral law because it doesn't apply to all people, not all people want to be a nurse (it applies only "if you want to be ... than you have to follow these rule".) b) counsels of prudence, we seek for happiness, dif. things make people happy. 2) Moral Law - Categorical imperative, applies to all people. a) formula of Universal Law. Maxim - general rule which state what it is you think you're doing and your reasons for doing. It doesn't tell you what to do (tell the truth). b) formula of humanity - we are forced to treat people in certain way by laws or self choice. Mutual respect to others' lives- realm of ends where people make laws for themselves. c) formula of autonomy - always treat others as autonomous agents capable of self-directed rational action.
8. Mill: Hedonist - pleasure or relief from pain is the only possible object of our desires. Utilitarianism is a...

Find Another Essay On My study notes for final. Brief overview of Hume, Kant, and Mill.

Comparing David Hume and Immanuel Kant

1386 words - 6 pages Comparing David Hume and Immanuel Kant David Hume and Immanuel Kant each made a significant break from other theorists in putting forward a morality that doesn’t require a higher being or god, for a man to recognize his moral duty. Although Hume and Kant shared some basic principals they differed on their view of morality. In comparing the different views on human will and the maxims established to determine moral worth by David Hume and

Metaphysics as Addressed by Kant and Hume

1455 words - 6 pages " statement is not reinforced through reason but through repetition. Because Hume feels this way, he then concludes that metaphysics is not possible. Hume's writing posed an interesting starting off point for Kant's theories. As said before, Kant attributes Hume's writing with waking him from his "dogmatic slumber." He recognizes both Hume's intelligence and the validity of his statements. However, he does not totally agree with all of Hume's

Theory of Self: Kant vs Hume

1922 words - 8 pages impressions “By ideas, I mean the faint images of these in thinking and reasoning” (Hume, pg. 10). Hume proposes that the notion of the self has no empirical foundation. He postulates that all ideas are a result of a prior impression. Following this he posits that since the idea of self relies on an impression, this impression must in some way endure throughout a persons whole life, since an idea of self is meant to continue for the duration of

Euthanasia and Ethics: Kant and Stewart Mill

1269 words - 6 pages The issue of euthanasia is one surrounded by much controversy. Here we will look at the moral system of Immanuel Kant and John Stewart Mill, the argument for euthanasia, and how each philosopher would respond to that argument. Immanuel Kant and John Stewart Mill have different ethical views therefore they view the issue of Euthanasia differently. Immanuel Kant holds a deontological, or duty based, ethical view. This means that for something to

Kant vs. Mill: Human Rights and Utilitarianism

2106 words - 8 pages interpretation. It is these criteria that form the basis for laws that define human rights. Mill further implies that these rights are dependent on the State that enacts the laws to define them, and should the State fail to recognize them, then they are, in essence not rights. Discussion Both Kant and Mill present valid points in their various interpretations of human rights based on their philosophies. Kant is more direct and concise with his

Brief Overview of Mexico and its Culture

929 words - 4 pages Stone that is located in Tenochtitlan (Unit 3). “The Aztec Calendar Stone signifies the cosmos, both past and present, and functions as a record of calendrical cataclysm” (Artifact Identification). Having art is very important because in my opinion it shows a basic way for us to get a hold of our past ancestors, and us still doing art is a positive habit because we are also leaving history for our future family. Art is an easy language to

Brief Overview of Norway

3589 words - 14 pages through the boxes’ liner. The introduction of such a product to the rest of the world will allow countries to decrease their reliance on petroleum and oil to manufacture plastics and water bottles. II. Brief discussion of Norway’s relevant history Norway is a country known for it's pristine natural resources. Most of the water bottled in Norway currently is taken from glacier melt which run into natural fjords located throughout the country

Bob's Red Mill - Written for my Operations & Quality Management class, this paper deals with the methods and operations of Bob's Red Mill, a natural foods producer

3792 words - 15 pages Bob's Red Mill was founded by Bob and Charlee Moore. Their passion for whole-grain health foods prompted the decision to use only slow-turning granite and quartz milling stones, allowing the nutritional integrity of grains to be retained. The key to BRM's success lies within the dietary trends of health conscious consumers. The Moore's great achievements in production and sales have: enabled the addition of three partners to oversee growth

Moral Actions by Philosophers Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill

1174 words - 5 pages In the making of my own argument on the elements that justify a right or wrong action, I will reference two of the most influential philosophers, Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. In order to make this paper easy to follow, I intend to focus on one of the arguments formed by each of these men. I will evaluate how both of Kant and Mill’s principles fits into the morals of right and wrong. Kant gives us a categorical imperative that urges one to

"Ethics Affect Actions".Examines the views of two philosophers (Kant and Mill) on how ethics affect appropriate action. Great for a philosophy class and you can add your own views and opinions

1075 words - 4 pages "Ethics Affect Actions""What is the appropriate action?" It's a controversial question that is a focal point for moral and ethical code. Morals and ethics is, of course, a subject that runs deep in the discussion of philosophy. People are faced with moral dilemmas everyday, which often times they decide without thoroughly examining their options. Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are two philosophers who focus on the topic of ethics, yet with


1953 words - 8 pages -It performs a set of information processes requiring participants, data/information and information technology.-It performs the information processes of collecting, organizing, analyzing, storing and retrieving, processing, transmitting and receiving and displaying information.- It is created for a purpose and operate in a particular environment.EnvironmentEverything influences or is influenced by an information system and its

Similar Essays

My Study Notes For Final. Brief Overview Of Epictetus, Augustine, And Thomas Aquinas

685 words - 3 pages 3. Epictetus: persents nice life without afterlife. Stoics: the essential nature of humans is reason. The universe is governed not only by law or god, but by the law of reason. All that occurs, happens in accordance to Natural Law, God. Their two fundamentals are: 1. Whatever happens is the inevitable outcome of the logic of the universe. 2. Whatever happens, is for reason, and therefore is for the best. The stoic philosophy also says to remain

My Notes To Review For Final. The Brief Overview Of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, And Epicurus

847 words - 3 pages (head); b) spirited part, emotions, love, envy, shame (heart); c) appetites - desire for food, drink, sex (stomach). He bases this principle on the law of non-contradiction; P (any statement) & not p can't both be true. (If chalk is white, it can't be black. 2) talks about classes of society a) rulers don't have family; b) warriors, auxiliaries - carry out the policies and defend the society; c) craftsmen. For P. ideal person is mostly uses

An Overview Of The Philosophies Of Hume, Kant, Aristotle, Augustine, And Epictetus

1160 words - 5 pages . If one does not accept of this agreement or disagreement, then it is neither true nor false and can never be an object of reason. In addition, Hume says morality is irrational. He adds that morality is under the practical division and influences one’s passions and actions. An example of this is when people are governed by their duties and impelled by others to obey their commands. Also morality is not derived from experience. For

Comparing Kant And Mill Essay

915 words - 4 pages by people in public. His idea of the achievement of enlightenment is entirely individual, for he describes the “release [of] the human race from immaturity… to leave everyone free to use his own reason in all matters of conscience.” (Kant 45). This conception of enlightenment as an individual concept is much different than the ideas put forth by Mill. In John Stuart Mill’s second chapter in On Liberty, he discusses the liberty of thought and