A balanced approach is always needed to ensure the most effective execution of diplomatic efforts and the best results. Additionally, the focus should be on policy change not on regime change; when a country feels pressured that another country is trying to come in and oust the ruling government, its actions will be hostile and it will not cooperate with diplomatic discussions. Only when a country feels that it is getting something proportionate will it fully cooperate with outside influences .
Different tactics of diplomacy are often needed in unison to address the stubborn countries that refuse to comply with foreign demands. These tactics include involving other multinational or transnational actors in the foreign policy of a country. For example, the United Nations and its various agencies and regional bodies, including the ASEAN Regional Forum and the United Nations Security Council, are often a mode for resolving conflicts involving Myanmar. Moreover, regional powerhouses, such as China, Japan, and India, can use their geopolitical power to leverage their position, exerting influence over a less powerful country . Finally, Track 2 diplomacy can be considered if more official modes of discussion are not effective, as it involves non-officials engaging in dialogue, with the intention of conflict resolution or confidence building between nations. This approach is most effective
The following three case studies illustrate times when alternate approaches to diplomacy are needed and the relative success of each approach.
Direct negotiations have been led by the EU3 (France, Germany, and United Kingdom) to address the nuclear proliferation of Iran. According to Jentleson, “their approach ahs been a mix of carrots and sticks, including various economic and diplomatic sanctions on the one hand and combined with such incentives as negotiations on Eu-Iran trade agreements, entery of Iran into the WTO, sale of ligh water reactors and guarantees of a long-term supply of nuclear fuel [if Iran] complies with all IAEA requirements and can prove purely peaceful purposes of its nuclear program.” Recently, the United Nations has also gotten involved, passing Resolution 1696 increasing Iran to comply with the Non-Proliferation Treaty and cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency.
One issue with the approach in Iran was that the nations which threatened actions if their conditions were not met during the first round of rhetoric never delivered on their promises, signaling to Iran that any future breaches of trust will not be punished. Another issue is...