Myths About The Measles Mumps Rubella (Mmr) Vaccine

2066 words - 8 pages

The first Measles vaccination was introduced in 1963, the improved upon in 1968. During the years of 1967 and 1968, a vaccination for Mumps and Rubella was also introduced. The three vaccines were combined in 1971, and called the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine (Immunization Action Coalition, “Measles: Questions and Answers”). One dosage of the MMR vaccination was proven to protect about 90-95% of children, then in 1989 the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices decided to change the dose from one to two, raising the percent of children protected to about 97% (National Network for Immunization Information (NNii), “Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)”). The CDC reported that 95% percent of children receiving their first dose of the MMR vaccine between the ages of 12 months and 15 months become immune to measles, mumps, and rubella after this initial dose. Those not becoming immune after the first does become immune after the second dose given between ages four years old and six years old (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Vaccines”). Thanks to these changes made measles, mumps, and rubella have become nearly eliminated in the United States. However, to ensure that these diseases do not spread from countries not vaccinating, it is important that we continue with our current program. While the MMR vaccination is the safest way to ensure that we do not have an outbreak, the vaccination has been a source of controversy over the years. At one time, the MMR vaccine was thought to be unsafe because not only does it overwhelm your immune system, but also the vaccine contained toxic additives, and was thought to be linked to Autism. Studies have since proven that there is no link between the MMR vaccine and Autism and is still the best way to prevent the spread of Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary lists the definition of a Vaccine as “a preparation of killed microorganisms, living attenuated organisms, or living fully virulent organisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease (Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. "Vaccine – Definition”). A vaccine attempts to fight the disease that it was made from by causing the body’s immune system to build up antibodies against the particular disease thus becoming immune to it (Cave and Mitchell, 5). There are three types of vaccinations live vaccines, Killed Vaccines, and Recombinant DNA vaccines (9-10).
The first type of vaccine is a live, attenuated vaccines are created in a lab by taking a piece of the virus that causes the disease and weakening it. By introducing it into the body, the immune system is usually able to build antibodies to fight it without the person developing the disease (9). There are some downsides to this type of vaccination. Because this is a live, attenuated vaccine, there is the possibility that an individual can develop symptoms of...

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