Japan has not always had the best economics. When the end of World War I ended, the demand for military products vanished. In 1929 Japanese factories were shut down and an abundance of people lost their jobs. Along with the crisis going on in Japan, the United States was going through there own economic problems. When the stock market crashed in the United States, it also reduced the purchases that the Americans usually made on Japan’s goods. Japan had a difficult time feeding everyone during a mass starvation that was caused by the crash in the stock market. Japan believed that they needed more and new territory to end this starvation, and the population was expanding. (Chang 25).
In the 1930’s the Japanese government wanted to create a better society. The Japanese government got the idea for a military dictatorship. The dictatorship would limit personal savings, nationalize property, and take over Asia. The people within the government all shared similar goals. They all wanted to overtake society, along with getting rid of any economic and political obstacles that would stop them from conquering Asia. The Japanese realized that if they wanted total control of China they needed to act fast. But, China changed from a diminishing empire to a national republic that was struggling. Also, in 1911 the rebel armies conquered the Qing forces and ended more than two centuries of Manchu rule. In the 1920’s the Nationalist, who were ruled by Chaing Kai-Shek, fought warlords and unified China. All of these actions made China a lot more powerful. The Japanese realized that they needed to interfere soon, so the Japanese military began interfering with Chinese affairs. The Japanese murdered Chang Tsolin, a warlord ruler of Manchuria in 1928. The assassination of Chang Tsolin caused China to boycott on Japanese goods. (Chang 27-29).
Japan was so fixated on conquering China, they prepared for a long time for war. The Japanese men spent year’s training for combat. They influenced the military on all ages. The Japanese changed the aspect of a regular toy store. Instead of selling toys to make children happy, they changed it so it was a place that sold items that would be useful in the military. They sold tanks, helmets, uniforms, rifles, guns, bilges and howitzers. Instead of kids playing in the streets, they would have mock battles. Everyone and everything in Japan was quickly being influenced by the military. (Chang 29-30)
Japan finally acted on their plan to attack China. In July of 1937 the Japanese attacked the Marco Polo Bridge, which is located in the Fengtai District. The Marco Polo Bridge was said to be “One of the finest bridges in the world”, according to a Venetian traveler. After the Japanese attack the bridge, people were not sure if this now meant war. This first attack was also known as “The Marco Polo Incident”. (Mitter 80,87) This attack frightened the Chinese. They were prepared for...