During the later eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries a military leader, by the name Napoleon Bonaparte, had a major influence on France. Napoleon was a marvelous military leader not only because of the power of his dedicated army, but also because of the success of his tactics. Throughout the French Revolution, Europe was undergoing many changes in weaponry, particularly in Artillery. Napoleon created new tactics to go along with the new weapons and he was always successful. He was obviously not the only person to use these new weapons and tactics but he was the only one who was able to truly harness the immense power of these newly discovered marvels.
Many people contributed to the creation of Artillery during the French revolution. One man however is thought to be the first person to "Revolutionize" weapons . Jean Baptiste Grimbeaval was a man who in the late 1760's used his knowledge of scientific principles in physics and chemistry to change the structure and firing system of modern Artillery1.
A very important thing that Jean Baptiste Grimbeaval did was to change the transportation design of the existing Artillery Weapons. Previous Artillery Weapons were very heavy and they were very hard to transport over long battlefields. Prior to this invention battles were prolonged for long periods of time because the Artillery was to heavy to move and sometimes the wheels would just collapse under the immense weight of the Weaponry. What Grimbeaval did was he modified the old heavy weaponry into a new Artillery piece, which was called the "Grimbeaval1".
He made this large gun by giving certain modifications to the previous design. One thing that Grimbeaval did to make his gun faster was to reduce the windage2 by half and that resulted in a reduction in barrel mass1. Sometimes the gun was so heavy that if an army was desperate enough to move faster they were forced to drop parts of the gun including bullets and spare wheels1.
An additional alteration that Grimbeaval did was he used a different kind of metal3 to make the barrel lighter so it made the guns much more lightly and easier to maneuver1. This loss in weight paid off in another way as well. Not only did this lighter design make it easier to move, but also it resulted in a loss of carriage space, which resulted in fewer wheels, which led to a shorter unlimbering4 time, and in result more time to attack1.
A further modification that Grimbeaval did to speed up the weapon was to make the weapon fold5 so that it was shorter in length therefore allowing the gun to maneuver through tight spaces such as between trees or even between a battle formation of a standing army1.
Grimbeaval also solved the problem of the Artillery Weapons constantly falling over. Most of the time a battle was not fought on a level ground and what happened was that the guns would go over an uneven field and the gun would lean to much to one side and that could have resulted in the breaking of wheels and...