Napoleon Bonaparte Essay

1800 words - 7 pages

Napoleon Bonaparte has been called a hero by some and a villain by many others. He was the First Consul of France, then the emperor of France, and finally an outlaw. Napoleon had a meteoric rise to power in the late 18th century, and lasted to the early 19th century. He was able to rise to power through his great military victories and he was able to keep his power by fending off enemies in wars and with some reforms. Napoleon started his life good, but different than many French rulers.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 to two Italian parents (Chew 1). He was born on the island of Corsica. Originally Napoleon wouldn't have been able to become emperor of France because at the time Corsica wasn't under French Rule (Moore 1). Corsica was a self governed state run by a political leader named Pasquale Paoili until 1769. The French took it over in a war that ended in 1770 and all the citizens became part of France. This opened the door for any Corsican citizen to have the ability to run for political office and gain power within the French government. That meant that in the future Napoleon would be able to become emperor because of this take over.
It was easy to see that Napoleon would be a military leader at a very young age. When Napoleon was 14 he won a scholarship to a French military school where he was a very good student (Chew 3). Even if he didn’t get this scholarship Napoleon was still very well connected; his father was a rich lawyer. After this he went on to a naval academy where he progressed greatly. Napoleon’s great schooling, where he excelled, and his power earned him a good military position where he gained respect and strong military leadership qualities very fast.
Napoleon started out his long and illustrious military career in a good way. After he graduated he was thrust into the military and was made a 2nd lieutenant. After seeing Napoleon in all his greatness on the battle field during fights, important French military leaders made him an Artillery commander, but even this wasn’t his greatest title (Moore 4). Napoleon was such a great soldier and a supporter of the Jacobin party, and as a result of those two things, he became a lieutenant colonel. Because of the French Revolution, Napoleon continued to gain power.
Napoleon soon gained a big following and respect from the soldiers that he commanded. Napoleon actually turned and led a revolution against the French army on Corsica. Napoleon was in a lot of trouble for this but he was able to convince the French that he didn’t do anything wrong and he actually got a promotion out of it. After his promotion Napoleon again turned on the people of Corsica and led a revolt against Corsican leaders (Cavendish 3). But even though this looked like a bad spot on Napoleon’s military career it was actually good because he gained a very powerful ally that admired Napoleon in a great way.
Napoleon Bonaparte was also a skilled author. One of the books...

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