Napoleon Bonaparte And His Regin Grade 10 Canadian History Essay

4298 words - 18 pages

Napoleon Bonaparte was the strongest French leader in history, even overshadowing the
great Charlemagne and Louis XIV. “Bonaparte was an all prescient commander in the field, a
magnetic leader of men, proved more interesting-and more palatable-to posterity than the image
of a skilled political manipulator or, even more, of a studied master of administration.”
Napoleon was born in Corsica on August 15, 1769 to Carlo and Marie Bonaparte. In 1784
Napoleon was sent to the Ecole Militaire to be trained as a soldier. Napoleon was a brilliant
mathematician and graduated from the Ecole Militaire in one year instead of the usual three. He
was commissioned as a lieutenant after graduation.
In 1793 he commanded the French republican artillery forces in the French siege of
Toulon, which had been occupied by the British with the help of French Royalists. His artillery
was decisive in driving the British out of the city. “On 18 December 1793, the British evacuated
Toulon, and the city fell. Six weeks later, Captain Bonaparte, twenty-four, was promoted to
brigadier general. His rise to fame had begun.” In 1795, Parisians were in an up rise again and
the Directory needed somebody to lead a campaign to disperse them. According to Owen
Connelly, author of The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era, “Napoleon filled the bill. He
was ruthless, extremely ambitious, and a proven tactician and leader.” When the Parisians came
upon the Tuileries, Napoleon order his artillery to fire: “The cannon cut bloody swaths into the
packed ranks. The people fled, leaving their dead, wounded, parts of bodies, on the bloody
pavements.” Bonaparte’s artillery had dispersed the rebellious force of Parisian Royalists
seeking to block the installation of the Directory. This incident was known as Napoleon’s
“Whiff of Grapeshot”. For Napoleon’s quick thinking and good work the Directory made him
commander of the Army of the Interior. Bonaparte’s next assignment was to fight the Austrians
on Italian soil in 1796, which was for the War of the First Coalition. Napoleon’s Italian
campaigns were successful; he defeated the Sardinians and the Austrians. His work on the
Italian campaigns played an important role in the signing of the Treaty of Campoformio on
October 18, 1797 and was a great victory for France.
In 1799, Napoleon seized power by engineering a coup d’ etat overthrowing the
Directories’ government and he gained advantage by his loyal and committed army. Becoming
the first consul on December 24, 1799 allowed Napoleon to eventually become Emperor for life
on December 2, 1804. “His rule was from its origins an absolute military dictatorship. It was
Bonaparte alone who would decide the questions on which the fate of France and Europe
hinged.” Napoleon’s greatest accomplishments during his reign include centralized and
authoritarian institutions. His greatest accomplishments were the Code Napoleon and the
restoration of the Catholic church.
In 1804, the Third Coalition was formed which...

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