Napoleon's Invasion Of Russia, A Paper About Napoleon's Campaign In Russia Which Led To The Downfall Of His Empire.

1881 words - 8 pages

Napoleon became the emperor of France in 1804 after the French Revolution had taken place. He was one of the greatest military and political rulers to exist. Although he was great administrator he was more interested in expanding his empire. As the size of the empire increased so the disputes between countries. In June of 1812 he began his fatal Russian campaign that ultimately causes his defeat and the downfall of his empire (Carroll).
Relations between Russia had been tense to begin with. When Prussia and Austria fought in war against France Russia decided to take part as well. Prussia and Austria were both defeated and only Russia remained. The Treaty of Tilsit, signed in 1807, forced a truce and ended the war between Russia and France. Conditions between the two countries only worsened when Napoleon instilled the Continental System, a document which forbade any European country from trading with Great Britain. It was created to hurt Britain's economy but also injured Russian economy. Czar Alexander of Russia withdrew from the system and Napoleon was furious.
By this time both Russia and France had begun to prepare for the inevitable, war. Russia's armies were scattered and Russia was only able to produce around 240,000 troops (Saglamer). To prepare engineers began to fortify the Dvina-Dnieper river lines. The Russian guard consisted of three armies. General Barclay de Tolley commanded the First Army of about 130,000 men. His army was deployed on the northern edge of the border, towards St. Petersburg. The Second Army was under the command of General Bagration with about 50,000 troops. His army was stationed in the center of Russia, north of the Pripet marshes. The Third Army, commanded by General Tormasov, with the rest of the troops, was stationed in the south towards Kiev.
The Russian strategy was to keep retreating, denying Napoleon the quick large battle he wanted. They also employed the scorched earth policy, which was destroying crops to deny the invaders food, burning buildings to prohibit sheltering in them, dumping dead animals into wells to poison them, and destroying bridges, signs, and roads to confuse, confound and delay the French. They employed these tactics because they knew there was no chance at victory in a direct battle.
By the end of 1810 Napoleon had begun to prepare as well. He created the Grand Armée consisting of about 610,000 troops (McLynn). This army was primarily not French, it had been created from the countries under French rule and France's allies. Napoleon also built up deposts in Prussia and Poland. The threat of the enormous army did not quite threaten Russia as he had predicted. None the less Napoleon still predicted a quick victorious campaign.
Napoleon assembled the Grand Armée in Poland, just on the edge of the Russian border. A reserve army was held in the rear near the Vistula and Oder rivers. The plan was to launch a front reaching from the Pripet marshes to the Baltic Sea and...

Find Another Essay On Napoleon's invasion of Russia, a paper about Napoleon's campaign in Russia which led to the downfall of his empire.

Analysis of Napoleon as an individual in history; particular attention is paid to Napoleon's role as emperor and the abilities that allowed him to accomplish his fantastic achievements,

1660 words - 7 pages Napoleon's use of using a military campaign staged in the exotic and ever alluring "orient" to bolster his image,"Bonaparte has always sought to seize the imagination of men and, in this respect, he knows well how one must govern when one is not born to the throne. An invasion of Africa, the war carried to an almost fabulous country like Egypt, must make an impression on every mind..." (Memoirs, 85)Napoleon's understanding and mastery of portraying an

To what extent are Napoleon's reforms in France under the consulate (1799-1804) explained by his need to secure himself in power?

1199 words - 5 pages corrupted by propaganda. His new laws unified all laws in France and were called the Napoleonic codes or code Napoleon. These laws were mainly used to make France more efficient, and didn't specifically aid him in securing power; apart from the plebiscites, which were specifically designed to secure power and incorporated the new legal codes into this deception. The laws were largely the product of Napoleon's work, he sat down with a committee of

To what extent was Peter the Great's personality more of a disadvantage than an advantage in his attempts to reform Russia?

3247 words - 13 pages went about the needed economic measures to fund his foreign ventures as quickly as he possibly could in order to get instant results. Thus the political progress of the state once more outran Russia’s economic development, eloquently demonstrated by the tripling of the taxes and the simultaneous decline of the population by at least 20% due to Peter’s labour demands. Nonetheless, never has there been such a great spurt of economic

Title- Napoleon's Campaign for Power Animal Farm by George Orwell Prompt- Discribe Napoleon's true motives for taking the farm from the humans

682 words - 3 pages Napoleon never wanted to rebel against humans as a whole, but simply wanted to take the farm for himself.Once Mr. Jones was off the farm, Napoleon realized that the farm was now his for the taking if he played his cards right. Napoleon knew he had to get rid of Snowball in order to take over power for himself. Snowball became his archrival because he was in direct competition with his leadership. Napoleon's strategy was to disagree with everything

Peter the Great forever changed Russia, after his reign Russia

881 words - 4 pages ).Peter?s armies would capture a very significant Turkish fortress at Azov in his war with Turkey. His navy would travel around Europe and secure a warm water port in the Great Northern War. They would go on to defeat Sweden in this war, making Russia the greatest power in Northeastern Europe (AskJeeves).Peter hoped to improve the society and education of his people. After visiting Europe he would have many schools built, many teaching about

How did the advent and expansion of Islam influence Russia and the Byzantine Empire?

722 words - 3 pages their own which made them more powerful. Since the Safavi was so powerful, in the 17th century they took over a lot and converted Anatolia to Islam ("Turkey"). There are many different disputes and history about the conflicts between Islam and the Byzantium. In 1453, enabled the ottomans to consolidate their empire. This caused great distress upon their empire. The Ottomans revived the title of caliph, based on their legitimacy of Islam

“Assess the impact of social, political and economic issues in early twentieth century Russia in the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty.”

780 words - 3 pages seriousness of the situation. The population's growing dissent and lack of faith in the Tsar; this was demonstrated through the Bloody Sunday March, which led to Nicholas being labelled a traitor and saw his reputation destroyed. Economically there was a reality that Tsar Nicholas ignored the problem of moving Russia towards Industrialization continuously. This unresponsive attitude to start to industrialise Russia kept the country

Stalin certainly achieved his purpose of establishing 'Socialism in One Country', and thereby completed the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Is this a correct judgement?

1880 words - 8 pages industry. Goals were set which were completely unrealistic, but it generally raised the work forces' morale because many thought they were contributing to the transformation of Russia. The collectivization of agriculture in Russia consisted of peasants in a particular area to be encouraged into joining their plots of land to create a collective farm. The government would therefore have greater control over the peasants, and be one step closer towards

Oedipus Rex By Sophocles , What Led To His Downfall?

1180 words - 5 pages to his mother: "You are living with your next of kin in unimaginedshame." Oedipus, unwilling to turn the mirror on himself, resorts to insulting Tiresias:"Was it Creon that planned this or you yourself...the riddle about man is about himself."A man's fate is his character; at this moment Oedipus has no character. Oedipus presumesthere is a conspiracy plotted against him. His arrogance and rashness is very apparent inhis believing that everyone

To what extent did Alexander II succeed in his attempts to modernize Russia?

920 words - 4 pages Paschalis KitsikopoulosTo what extent did Alexander II succeed in his attempts to modernize Russia?In 1855, European countries had to deal with many difficulties. By that time, a major imbalance was existing in and between all countries. A detonation of economy and technology was disturbing even the biggest nations of Europe. All countries were intimidated by the greatest power of the time, Japan and India. Russia was an enormous country

Napoleon's Role at the Battle of Waterloo

1320 words - 5 pages July 15; he was later exiled to the island of Saint Helena. So complete was Napoleon's downfall that Waterloo, the name given to his last battle, became a synonym for a crushing defeat. In his reminiscences about the Waterloo campaign, Napoleon severely criticized General Grouchy for his failure to intercept the Prussians after their retreat from Ligny. 'Another lapse was Ney's failure to attack Wellington on June 17 and thus prevent his

Similar Essays

Napoleon's Conflict With Russia Essay

1193 words - 5 pages the city. On September 14, Napoleon rode into Moscow at the head of a fraction of the Empire's military strength. Meanwhile, Napoleon's opponent had made a decision that was to shape the remainder of the campaign. Kutusov made up his mind not to fight another battle in defense of Moscow. Kutusov ordered the city's population out into the countryside, released all inmates from the city jails, and destroyed the city

Napoleon's Downfall Essay

565 words - 2 pages Sardinia. He was defeated by Egypt forces soon after. Everything he did was a tactical move. For example, he married Josephine for her connections with wealthy leaders. That is how he was put in charge of the military on November 9, 1799. He then assumed dictorial powers. Britain, Austria, and Russia assembled to stop Napoleon's reign, to no avail. Napoleon continued to reign and build his empire until he made three very important mistakes

Napoleon's Russian Campaign Essay

2882 words - 12 pages Napoleon's Russian Campaign The peace between France and Russia in 1807 lasted for five years but was not satisfactory to either side. The Tilsit settlement was thought of by Napoleon as no more than a convenient truce. In 1807 he had been in no position to invade Russia but there was no way that he could tolerate another European power for very long. Napoleon felt that a war with Russia was necessary ‘for crushing England by crushing the

Napoleon Bonaparte’s Invasion Of Russia Essay

2046 words - 8 pages Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia Napoleon Bonaparte’s invasion of Russia was a major factor in his downfall. In 1812, Napoleon, whose alliance with Alexander I had disintegrated, launched an invasion into Russia that ended in a disastrous retreat from Moscow. Thereafter, all of Europe, including his own allies, Austria and Prussia, united against him. Although he continued to fight, the odds he faced were impossible. In April 1814, Napoleon’s