Narcissistic Personality Disorder And Treatment Essay

1858 words - 7 pages

In the analysis of an individual there are three primary methods employed in order to successfully assess and repair his condition- biological, cognitive, and psychoanalytic theory. In the case of narcissism, only the psychoanalytic approach will suffice to structurally repair rather than suppress manifest symptoms of the unfulfilled self. Narcissists must learn to address the needs of their childhood that have not have been satisfied and acknowledge them as the root of their grandiose actions, a facade for their inner sense of shame and insecurity (Kohut, 1978, p. 423). In the case of Mr. Z, he underwent two analyses with a five-year grace period in between, the first analysis unsuccessful in structurally curing his masochistic propensities as they merely shifted to another facet of his life (Kohut, 1979, p.10). This lack of structural change went unnoticed during the first analysis, and was only revealed through examination of the patient's root of disturbance during the second analysis. The agent that assisted the discovery was the change in approach by the analyst within the realm of psychoanalysis, that is the shift from a focus in analysis based upon classical-dynamic structural terms to that of the psychology of the self in the narrow sense. (Kohut, 1979, p. 26).
Through observation of symptoms and examination of life occurrences, it is clear that Mr. Z exhibits the characteristics of narcissism. He has a mother that relied upon him as her self-object throughout his childhood and into his early adult years. This provided conflict in that Mr. Z needed his mother as his own self-object, and due to her selfish role-reversal, he did not receive the mirroring necessary to develop a healthy, strong self-structure. Self-objects mirror an individual, confirming one's inner sense of greatness and perfection, provide a figure for idealization, and relate a twinship for one to identify interests and talents with, also known as an alterego (Kohut, 1978, p. 414). Mr. Z's mother played all of these roles in his life because his father left when Mr. Z was young. One found him absent of a man with whom he could idealize and identify; hence he was incapable of asserting his masculinity. Mr. Z's mother was of a pathological state and intermeshed her disturbance within the relationship with her son (Kohut, 1979, p. 13). "Faulty interaction between the child and his self-objects result in a damaged self." (Kohut, 1978, p. 414) This "abused" child developed a perspective that conformed to that of his unstable self-object, rather than creating an independent center of initiative. This led to number of narcissistic preoccupations including a focus upon his productions, masochistic fantasies, defensiveness and denial, and an arrogance of demandingness (Kohut, 1979, p. 14).
The ultimate comprehension of the disturbances of Mr. Z can be attributed to the analyst's realization of the true foundations of the patient's symptoms. Once this...

Find Another Essay On Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Treatment

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Essay

3460 words - 14 pages Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissus is defined as a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy that begins by early adulthood and is present in a variety of contexts (Frances, 714). Individuals with this disorder have an exaggerated sense of self-importance; they routinely overestimate their abilities and inflate their accomplishments, often appearing boastful and pretentious. Narcissists possess an

Narcissistic Personality Disorder in Adolescents Essay

2293 words - 9 pages Narcissistic Personality Disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of grandiosity, an overwhelming need for admiration, and usually a complete lack of empathy toward others (Psych Central 2014). Narcissists lack empathy towards other people and will even go to the extent of using others for their own personal benefit or self-improvement. The word originated from the story of Narcissus in Greek Mythology. Narcissus was renowned for

Adolf Hitler's Narcissistic-Borderline Personality Disorder

4000 words - 16 pages Adolf Hitler’s horrible actions cannot be attributed to a drug addiction, or just being evil. It was a combination of a mental illness, and a mental disorder that caused him to take the actions. He suffered from a narcissistic-borderline personality disorder. He did not suddenly become mad towards the end of the war, but had been unstable his entire life; when under greater stress, it became more prevalent. A narcissistic personality, which is

Borderline Personality Disorder: History, Understanding and Treatment

1956 words - 8 pages integral part of deciphering the causes and trends that lead to this mental disorder. In general, current psychiatric research suggests that the most effective treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder consists of medication to contain the more stubborn affective symptoms, combined with some form of long-term psychotherapeutic intervention. One of the therapies is Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT): a new-age variant of cognitive therapy

Borderline Personality Disorder - Understanding It, History, Treatment, Closing - Includes Outline and Bibliography

2682 words - 11 pages .Object-Relations Theory2.Developmental ModelB.Childhood AbuseIV.Treatment MethodsA.Psychoeducational Approach1."Joining"2."Multiple Family Group" SessionsB.Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)1.Main Treatment Tasks2.Stages of TreatmentC.AlternativesV.Closing StatementUnderstanding BPDBorderline Personality Disorder (BPD) might sound a somewhat less-serious problem or perhaps a disorder that resists being categorized. However, both are stereotypes

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

1527 words - 7 pages :10.1016/j.psc.2010.04.007 McGinn, L. K., & Sanderson, W. C. (2001). What Allows Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Be Brief: Overview, Efficacy, and Crucial Factors Facilitating Brief Treatment. CPSP Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8(1), 23–37. Pretzer, J., & Hampt, S. (1994). Cognitive Behavioural Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder (No. 10633995) (pp. 298–307). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Retrieved from

This is a term paper proposal about Narcissistic Personality Disorder in Abnormal psych...the proposal was accepted. Bibliography included

2040 words - 8 pages narcissism as well as therapeutic treatment options?...(which are answered at end of summary)Finding information of Narcissistic Personality Disorder was difficult. I have found that it isn't a very frequently diagnosed personality disorder. Resulting in difficulty finding out how frequently, and what the nature of the research that is or has been done is. There was however, a connection of testing for N.P.D, in the research that I did find, these

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (Communications class research paper) A very understudied topic that was difficult to obtain information about.

2273 words - 9 pages ). Narcissitic Personality Disorder. CP 643-Psychodiagnostics and Treatment. Retrieved December 2, 2005, from Martens, W. (2005). Shame and narcissism: therapeutic relevance of conflicting dimensions of excessive self-esteem, pride, and pathological vulnerable self. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Assciation, v8 i2, p10-8. Retrieved November 11, 2005, from InfoTrac Onefile

Borderline Personality Disorder and Dependent Personality Disorder

1547 words - 6 pages Axis Two: Illnesses “A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). There are several different mental illnesses that can branch off from mental disorders

Ramtha And Multiple Personality Disorder

787 words - 3 pages , is the requisite faith. Thus, the faith of the followers only solidifies the Ramtha personality in JZ, making the desire to break their connection, and the chance that she will seek psychological treatment, almost none existent.In closing, Ramtha is simply a character developed by JZ Knight's alter ego in order to deal with possible childhood trauma inflicted by a strong male presence. Many people who suffer MPD are usually at a disadvantage in

Diagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorders

1295 words - 5 pages (“Treating Borderline” 3). Treatment typically lasts one year and is comprised of bi-weekly sessions (“Treating Borderline” 3). In a recent study, a group of people suffering from borderline personality disorder all participated in a year of transference-focused psychotherapy, and a reduction of suicidal thoughts and behavior was observed, in addition to an improvement in the degree of anger the patients felt (“Treating Borderline” 3). Those

Similar Essays

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Essay

965 words - 4 pages The case that we will be looking at throughout this paper is that of ‘Joe’ (name changed to so that he/she may remain anonymous. Joe has what is diagnosed by clinicians as narcissistic personality disorder. According to the DSM – IV –TR, this is characterized by ‘a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration and lack of empathy, beginning by early adult and present in a variety of contexts.’ The DSM lists nine

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (Npd) Essay

1207 words - 5 pages Have you ever been around someone who seems arrogant? It may not be just arrogance, that individual may have a Narcissistic Personality Disorder or NPD. Narcissus, a Greek mythological character, fell in love with his reflection in the water and could never pull himself away, so he ended up dying right beside the water after a while (Marcovitz 1). Narcissism became known as being self-centered and was developed after this Greek myth (Marcovitz 1

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Essay

1168 words - 5 pages , there has yet to be a cure or a definite cause found. It is important to understand the symptoms, what treatment is available, and possible causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder to better comprehend the reasoning behind an individual’s actions. Cases are not as extreme in comparison to the Greek myth of Narcissus, but this story gives good into what one wit Narcissistic Personality Disorder may feel like. Works Cited Board, A.D.A.M

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Essay

1622 words - 6 pages Everyone knows someone who seems to be completely wrapped up in themselves. They seem to only care about themselves, and they seem to think that they are better than every one. Some of these people probably have narcissistic personality disorder. This personality disorder is defined as, “...a broad pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy” (Comer, 2010, p. 531). People with narcissistic personality disorder