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Narrative Approaches In "The Chronicles Of A Death Foretold" By Gabriel Garcia Marquez

1179 words - 5 pages

Gabriel Garcia Marquez uses as a variety of different narrative approaches in the chronicles of a death foretold, to effect the readers perception of narrator himself. These unique narrative strategies make the reader question the intentions of the narrator, his own character and the means in which the narrator tells the unusual hazy and jumbled chronicle of Santiago's murder.

The narrator's characteristics and his unique magical realism have an important effect in the narration of the chronicle. The narrator's position in relation to the town and Santiago is very significant. The narrator is Santiago's old friend, they are both of the same segregated class. The narrators aliment with the ...view middle of the document...

The narrator's content with the murder of his friend also relates to the way he investigates Santiago's murder. The narrator may give detailed quotes and a wide view of events, but however does not provide in depth analysis or information through his questioning of the town twenty seven years later. He lacks the will to question beneath the surface, to really investigate Santiago and the town because truly he would be investigating his own very questionable morals. Marquez allows the reader to understand this content however still gives the narrator the ability to tell the chronicle through magic realism. Marquez gives the narrator the ability to know what others in the town think and feel, information that could not have come from his bleak investigation techniques. This realistic fiction still enables the reader to doubt the morals of the narrator and also receive the events of the chronicle. The unusual aspects of the narrator where he seems to try to reveal Santiago as a good man, however clearly has no emotion towards the murder of his friend, show he is perhaps trying to clear a guilty conscious or defend his own segregated class.

One of the most distinctive strategies Marquez uses in the chronicle is the novel's jumble of time. The investigation of Santiago's death is written in a factual, journalistic style, which has no linear establishment at all, no chronological sequence, the narrator jumps from recollections of his own to others in an order that appears to have no purpose. For example we learn the fate of the Vicario brothers before we discover any details of Santiago's' murder. This sequence of events gives the impression the narrator is not investigating a murder not really trying to discover innocence or guilt, but simply describing an aspect of an event. This jumble of memories causes the reader to have to piece together the murder of Santiago, effectively giving the impression of piecing a past story back together. The structure of the chronicle has a great effect on the readers understanding of the creation of the chronicle, through memories twenty seven years later.
We learn the death of Santiago at the very first sentence of the book; this knowledge of the chronicle supports and shows the reader how the death of Santiago was seen as unavoidable. His murder is announced at the beginning of the novel, just like the Vicario brothers are said to think of the murder "as if...

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