Published in 1845, ‘Narrative of life of Frederick Douglass an American slave written by himself’ is still the most highly acclaimed American autobiography ever written. It was published seven years after Douglass escaped from his life as a slave in Maryland. It describes his experience of being slave and his psychological insights into the slave-master relationship. The main focus is on ‘How he learn to read and write ‘and ‘the pain of slavery.’ The goal of this paper is to bring more insight analysis of his narrative life through the most famous two chapter’s in which he defines, “How he learn to read and write” and “The pain of slavery.” To achieve this goal, the paper is organized into four main sections. First, author background and introduction, second summary of chapter VII and chapter VIII and the last analysis of chapter VII and VIII. Summary: Chapters VII–VIII
Douglass spent seven years in master Hugh`s house and learnt to educate himself secretly where slaves were kept illiterate. But soon he was unhappy as he saw the new and wretched world for him. From newspapers, he realized about the enormity of people enslaved. He was informed about the abolitionist movement in North and an Irish playwright and politician
Richard Brinsley Butler Sheridan and his struggles for catholic emancipation and human rights.
He then ran away to north at the age of twelve.
Chapter VI deals with his master Hugh Auld`s forbiddance to teach Douglass to read,
Chapter VII elaborates the idea that with education comes enlightenment specifically about
appreciative and wrong nature of slavery. His encounter with the Columbian Crator represents
the main events of his educational and philosophical growth. He then had the clear articulation of
the political and philosophical arguments against slavery and in favor of human rights.
He then has intellectual fruitful interactions with people around the city. He portrays the
oppressive atmosphere of rural plantation, where slaves are treated as property. He describes
how slaves are treated as animals and frequently passed from owner to owner as property.
Douglass’s Narrative displays how white slaveholders continue slavery by keeping their
slaves uninformed. At the time Douglass was writing, many people thought that slavery was a
normal state of being. They believed that blacks were naturally incapable of participating in civil
society and thus should be kept as labors for whites. The Narrative explains the tactics and
measures by which whites gain and keep power over blacks from their birth onward. Slave
owners keep slaves uninformed of basic facts about themselves, such as their birth date or their
parents. This enforced ignorance deprives children of their natural sense of distinct identity. As
slave children grow up, slave owners prevent them from learning to read and write, as learning
would give them a sense of self-sufficiency and capability. Slave-masters understand that