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Narrative Techniques Essay

1034 words - 4 pages

DEVELOPMENT OF NARRATIVE TECHNIQUE IN NOVEL19th century, first person narrationA first-person narrative is a story narrated from the first-person perspective: the viewpoint of a character writing or speaking directly about themselves. A first-person perspective may also mean that the narrative is presented as if directly coming from a character's in-body point of view, portraying exactly what the character sees or experiences.The narrators of written works explicitly refer to themselves using variations of "I" (the first-person singular pronoun) and/or "we" (the first-person plural pronoun) This allows the reader or audience to see the point of view (including opinions, thoughts, and feelings) only of the narrator. Other stories may switch from one narrator to another, allowing the reader or audience to experience the thoughts and feelings of more than one character or character plural.First-person narratives can appear in three forms:Interior monologue- In dramatic and nondramatic fiction, narrative technique that exhibits the thoughts passing through the minds of the protagonists. Example: Fyodor Dostoevsky's Notes from Undergrounddramatic monologue- refers to a type of poetry. These poems are dramatic in the sense that they have a theatrical quality; that is, the poem is meant to be read to an audience. To say that the poem is a monologue means that these are the words of one solitary speaker with no dialogue coming from any other characters. Example: Albert Camus' The FallExplicitly as in Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.Since the narrator is within the story, he or she may not have knowledge of all the events. For this reason, first-person narrative is often used for detective fiction, so that the reader and narrator uncover the case together.In the first-person-plural point of view, narrators tell the story using "we". That is, no individual speaker is identified; the narrator is a member of a group that acts as a unit. The first-person-plural point of view occurs rarely but can be used effectively, sometimes as a means to increase the concentration on the character or characters the story is about.First-person narrators can also be multiple, as in Faulkner's novel The Sound and the Fury. Each of these sources provides different accounts of the same event, from the point of view of various first-person narrators.20th Century, Third Person Narrationthe third-person narrative mode is perhaps the most common narrative technique, in which the narrator refers to all characters as "he," "she" or "they," and so on. There are two types of third person narratorAn Omniscient narrator- Third person omniscient is a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story. Through third person omniscient, a writer may bring to life an entire world of characters.Limited narrator- Third person limited narrator is a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows only the thoughts and...

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