This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Narrative Voices In Shelley's Frankenstein And Fathers And Sons By Ivan Turgenev

1385 words - 6 pages

Narrative Voices in Shelley's Frankenstein and Fathers and Sons by Ivan Turgenev

I have chosen to compare the narrative voices of Frankenstein and
Fathers and Sons, as the perspectives in these two novels differ from
one another. Frankenstein’s narrative voice contains tales of three
characters within one narrative, none belonging directly to the
author, whereas the narrative voice of Fathers and Sons, is that of
the author alone.

Examples I will be using are taken from ‘The Realist Novel’ (TRN),
and from the novels of Frankenstein (F) and Fathers and Sons (F&S).

Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein is an example of first- person
narrative, with Walton describing his encounters in letters to his
sister Margaret, in England. He includes his meeting Victor
Frankenstein, of Victor’s experiences with his creation of
Frankenstein the monster, and the monster himself and his experiences.
This narrative is written in the form of letters, with the use of this
epistolary style of writing novels giving verisimilitude to the
events, as Walton writes of them as he is told. He is the narrative
voice of the whole novel; enveloping the characters of Victor and the
monster, the characters of whom, develop as the story progresses. This
narrative perspective structures the novel, portraying events as true
to life, resulting in its realistic theme. The confession of Victor
nestles within Walton’s narrative, with that of the monster nestling
within that. This technique of having one story nestling within
another follows a Gothic convention, (P.63 TRN). There are many
narrative perspectives, which make it a Gothic novel, another example
showing this is the atmosphere of mystery and horror, when Victor is
creating his monster, with ‘horrors’ as he ‘dabbled among the
unhallowed damps of the grave or tortured the living animal to animate
the lifeless clay’. (P53 F).

This novel also includes narrative perspectives that shape the
fictional world in the realist novel genre. Instances of this come
from Victors childhood, which seemed idyllic, with his mother and
father devoted to him, ‘the innocent and helpless creature bestowed on
them by heaven’ and ‘I was so guided by a silken cord that all seemed
but one train of enjoyment to me’ (P.33 F). And when the monster is
relating his tale to Victor, of how he learnt the basic principles of
survival, stating ‘when I was oppressed by cold, I found fire’ and
‘searching in vain for a few acorns to assuage the pangs of hunger’
and of his hideout ‘I found it an agreeable asylum from the snow and
rain’. (P.99 F). This perspective is plausible, giving a romantic feel
to the novel, when ‘Frankenstein’s physical attempt to reconstruct the
human frame serves as an image for the goal of Romantic artists: the
spiritual regeneration of man’ (p.65 TRN). The pathos generated by
his tale is intensified by the monster being inspired and consoled by
nature, as he describes to Victor ‘my senses...

Find Another Essay On Narrative Voices in Shelley's Frankenstein and Fathers and Sons by Ivan Turgenev

Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's "fathers and Sons"

843 words - 3 pages Immunity to Nihilism in Turgenev's Fathers and Sons Whenever reform or revolution is possible, it is because a new, progressive ideal has been quickly and widely perpetuated among the people of a particular nation. It is often a country's youth population that most readily accepts such new ideals, since they, being in the process of education and the development of their personal beliefs, tend to be malleable to new ideas and standards, and

A Doll’s House and Fathers and Sons

1499 words - 6 pages Ibsen’s A Doll’s House and Turgenev’s Fathers and Sons reflect two unique societal struggles. While both texts deal with a main character attempting to overcome society’s resistance to progress, they delineate from each other in the characters’ relative successes as well as divergent societal implications. The formal cause of these differences is ultimately societal mores as well as contrasting aims: Ibsen deals with feminism, whereas Turgenev

Passivity and Impotence in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1706 words - 7 pages tie between Caroline's death and Shelley's real life, "The demise of Caroline...suggests that Shelley could endorse this escape from a world of fathers, brothers, husbands, and male justices and identify it with the repose found by her own mother" (Levine 110). Whether or not Shelley sees a panacea in her own mother's death, her narrative does allow Caroline to take control through a seemingly sacrificial act.   Conversely, Alfonse

Good and Evil in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1418 words - 6 pages Good and Evil in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein "Frankenstein" was written by Mary Shelley. She was born in 1797 and died in 1851. Her parents were also progressive writers, and their work would have influenced Shelley's work. "Frankenstein" is written in the gothic horror genre. The idea of Frankenstein actually came to Mary Shelley in a half waking nightmare. She herself said, "When I placed my head on the pillow

Social Criticism is Turgenev's "Fathers and Sons"

693 words - 3 pages Events which Turgenev describes in the novel, happen in the middle of the nineteenth century. That was time when Russia experienced the next epoch of reforms. In fact, "Fathers and sons" maintains reformism but he describes the very exact problems, inevitably connected with it. The main problem put by the writer in the novel, already sounds in its name: "Fathers and sons ". This name has double sense. On the one hand, it is a problem of

Frankenstein by Mary Shelley An analysis of some of the themes and motifs in Shelley's novel

876 words - 4 pages Adham KarimAlienation & Isolation in FrankensteinMary Shelley develops the theme of alienation and isolation and its consequent increase of hostility through various characters throughout her novel Frankenstein. The theme may have originated from various elements, including Mary Shelley's father, William Godwin, who felt that the isolated individual would become vicious. This idea was shared by Shelley and manifested in the characters

Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and Structuralism

2052 words - 8 pages Frankenstein and Structuralism    Professor John Lye of Brock University, California describes literary theory as: "a collection of related theoretical concepts and practices which are marked by a number of premises, although not all of the theoretical approaches share or agree on all of them."   The first segment of this essay aims to define the main views of structuralism, one of these theoretical approaches. Structuralism, in

Role of Women in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and in Society

1548 words - 7 pages In “Frankenstein” penned by Mary Shelley, the author depicts the roles of Caroline, Elizabeth, and Justine as passive women by taking action only through the men around them. During the 1820s, when Elizabeth Blackwell saw the deaths of many people on ships being thrown overboard, she became inspired to become a doctor. However, during her time period, women were not allowed to get an education. Finally, Mulan, takes the place of her old father

Technology and Morality in Shelley's Frankenstein - The Advancement of Science

1156 words - 5 pages Frankenstein and the Advancement of Science       Science is nothing more than facts and principles that have been accepted on the basis of the knowledge gained by a systematic study. The scientific process is the common, basic pathway to this discovery of knowledge. The good or evil implications resulting from knowledge is not the primary concern of the scientist, though these implications can have a powerful impact. Mary Shelley's

Prejudice and Pride Illustrated in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1450 words - 6 pages thematic core of Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus” (Austen). This tormented narrative explores the destructive powers of these two isolating traits. Pride, an unreasonable and inordinate self-esteem and ego, and prejudice, a lack of empathy and negative bias against an individual, both prevent the human characters in “Frankenstein” from exercising objectivity and openness towards the monster. Pride by the monster’s creator, and

Technology and Morality in Shelley's Frankenstein - Is Knowledge Always Evil?

973 words - 4 pages to pain you become. Who needs to have the knowledge possessed by God or the knowledge of creation from nothing? Frankenstein "...ardently desired the acquisition of knowledge" and later came to realize "...how dangerous is the acquirement of knowledge."   In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein we learn very quickly how Frankenstein's search for knowledge turned him from an "intelligent being" to a fearful and hateful madman. At the same time

Similar Essays

The Significance Of Different Relationships In "Fathers And Sons" By Ivan Turgenev

1464 words - 6 pages outside of his nihilistic point-of-view, even falling in love, which he formerly looked down upon. As Pavel Petrovich once said, “The human personality must be as strong as a rock, because everything is built on it.” [p. 49] If Bazarov acted like an arrogant jerk throughout the entire book, with no character development whatsoever… There weren’t be much purpose in reading this, would there?Sources:Turgenev, Ivan, Fathers and Sons. Whitefish: Kessinger Publishing, 2005

A Reflection On The Defeat Of Power In Fathers And Sons By Turgenev

2184 words - 9 pages A Reflection on the Defeat of Power When asked about his thoughts regarding the great men and women of society, George Bernard Shaw replied, “...they don’t exist. We believe in them a lot like we used to believe in unicorns and dragons. The greatest man or woman is ninety-nine percent just like yourself” (George). This concept remains hard to keep in accord with human nature. In the novel Fathers and Sons, Russian author, Turgenev, enshrines

Synthesis Of Ivan Turgenev's Fathers And Sons

1524 words - 6 pages Fathers and Sons by Russian author, Ivan Turgenev, is set in the Russian countryside in the mid 1900’s. The novel tells the story of a new coming belief and religion that causes a lot of tumult between the age generations in the country. The older individuals continue to follow tradition, while most of the younger generation starts believing a new belief: nihilism. We generally define nihilism as “the rejection of all religious and moral

Turgenev Russian Literature "Fathers And Sons" Essay Deals With The Revolutionary Ideas Of The Period And How They Translate Into Everyday Life

2067 words - 8 pages of the vehicle by which Turgenev expressed a concept that had not yet been expressed in Russian literature, that of the gap between the conservative reforming of the fathers and the radical revolutionizing of the children (sons). (http://www.richmond.edu/~dhocutt/bazarov/negation.htm). It is strange that this book was seemingly disliked by everybody, but created fervor within the Russian intellectual society. It is the misunderstanding of the book