Naturalism as defined by philosopher Paul Draper, naturalism is "the hypothesis that the natural world is a closed system" in the sense that "nothing that is not a part of the natural world affects it (Draper, 2007, p. 6). In order to explain the naturalistic Worldview we must answer some simple questions such as: What is the Nature of Ultimate Reality?; What is the nature of material reality?; What is a human being?; What happens to a person at death?; Why is it possible to know anything at all?; How do we know what is right and wrong?; and What is the human purpose? " Simply put, the Naturalistic Worldview is the denial of the existence of supernatural causes. In rejecting the reality of supernatural events, forces, or entities, naturalism is the antithesis of supernaturalism.
“Thus far there is no evidence that reality is partitioned into nature and something else or something more, whether we call it God, the supernatural, or the paranormal. The naturalist thus discounts the existence of such things, and given her desire for reliable beliefs this disbelief is by her lights rational, not faith-based or dogmatic” (Naturalism, nd). Therefore Naturalisms ultimate reality can only be determined by what were can detect with our senses. If one cannot test it, it is not real. Science requires the ability to be replicated. If the findings cannot be replicated and peer reviewed they are not accepted. Faith in regard to knowledge becomes relative because ones knowing is dependent upon they belief system of the individual.
The naturalistic "world view" is the overall belief that nature itself is all that there is. God did not plan or design it. Intelligence was a result not a cause of the developing world. Nature formed itself by strictly natural processes (Bush, 2003). Material reality manifests itself in the belief that one can test reality. There are physical measurements that can be obtained and results calculated. “Cartesian dualism split the world into those things that are immaterial and those things that are material, thus permitting the study of material reality without recourse to spiritual explanations” (Cosgrove, 2006, p. 85).
Human beings, including all their parts, features, abilities, and internal states, are nothing but physical objects. ...Humans are complicated, physical objects, ..and are mere arrangements of physical stuff (Moreland, 1996). The human being in the Naturalistic Worldview is viewed as not much more than a biological machine whose primary purpose is the continuation of the survival of the human race.
Naturalists view themselves as being different from traditional religious or supernatural understandings, of an afterlife. Naturalists do not believe that people have a soul that continues after death. “We don’t have free will in the sense of being able to choose or decide without being fully caused in our choices or decisions. Instead, as individuals we are part of the natural unfolding of the universe in all its...