This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Nataraja Of Shiva Essay

1899 words - 8 pages

When I went to Museum of Metropolitan of Art, I saw many interesting works of arts. I was so amazed by all of the art-work. It was a tough decision to choose one work to focus on for my art paper, but there was one sculpture that caught my eye; it was Nataraja of Shiva (11th century) from Ancient Southeastern Art located on the 2nd floor of the museum. The main message of this sculpture is focused on the idea of the boundaries of cosmos and the destruction and rebirth of the world. This paper will employ close visual analysis of this sculpture and describe how the visual elements of the work relate to its main theme. In my opinion, this sculpture is very beautiful and I was so surprised to find it in the museum. As I was growing up in India, I always saw this sculpture in the temples, stores and other peoples home and even in my own home. When I was a young girl, I always use to look at it and wondered “why does Shiva have four arms? Why is he standing the way he is standing?”
Nataraja is a Sanskrit word, which is an oldest language of India. “Nata” means dance and “Raja” means King; king of dance. This sculpture is from Chola Dynasty, circa 11 century. The artist of this work is unknown. The height of the sculpture is 28 7/8in and its diameter is 22 1/4in. I expected the sculpture to be a smaller than it was because I haven’t seen the sculpture as big as this one before. So, it was shocking to find it at that big height.
At that time (Chola Dynasty, circa 860-1279) art and religion were very closely interrelated in India and all art sculptures or objects have some spiritual ideas and religious message in them. In this case, the main message is boundaries of the cosmos; demolition and reincarnation of the world. Shiva is a major Hindu deity. He is seen as a supreme god. Nataraja of Shiva is one of the most well-known sculptures in Indian art and is a famous Hindu icon. Chola Dynasty, which is also known as one of the greatest periods in Asia for sculpture. This time period was also well-known for bronze sculptures but this particular sculpture in Met was copper alloy probably because from my knowledge, at that time, copper was better for carving and sculpting but now a days, there are paintings of the Nataraja that are colorful, too (with a lot of colors, and much easier to see and understand). Also, being that it was copper to me it looked a little dull because I have seen the sculpture in the different colors, shapes and sizes. There are many other brass figures depicting Shiva as Lord of the Dance in different postures of the dance. When these sculptures were made only fortunate classes such as royals and priest could view the deities and people who were poor wasn’t able to. But now, everyone can see it, and have it. The pose, Shiva with his four arms is called “tribhanga in Bharantanayam” (another classical dance of South India).
From my observation at the Met, this sculpture is inside a medium glass and space. Also, it is by itself...

Find Another Essay On Nataraja of Shiva

Bharata Natyam Essay

2617 words - 10 pages , except for one. This is the mythological story of Lord Shiva, who is considered the supreme lord of dance. This divine dance form was first performed by Lord Shiva & his wife Goddess Parvathi in the heavens. This is the reason why the Bharata Natyam dancer is considered as a worshipper of the Divine. The dance performed by Lord Shiva is known as Tandava, meaning the dance of the universe. The following is a description of Lord Shiva's well

Music: The Harmony of Culture Essay

1301 words - 5 pages example Shiva Nataraja, the Lord of dance is dancing because there is a rhythm to the samsara, the cycle of death and rebirth. In addition, there is a rhythmic system called the Tala that refers to recurring dynamic sequence that comes to an end by finishing on the first beat of the cycle. The Tala moves into a timeless rhythmic awareness of cyclical existence, the basic of all existence itself. Therefore the interrelationship between music, rhythm

art history

4390 words - 18 pages help the soul of the deceased make the final transition into the afterlife; also makes sure the deceased soul does not linger in the villageThe transition of the soul of the deceased into the proper dimension is important to African beliefs; Senufo masks ward off evil spirits that could interfere with the transitionShiva as Nataraja (Lord of the Dance)Shiva is a very important deity in Hinduism. He is the destroyer and creator of life; Hinduism

RK Narayan's Use of Language in "The Guide"

2324 words - 9 pages PeakHouse sequences. The most specific symbol for Rosie is the mythical snake, the sign andvehicle of the God of the Cosmic Dance, Shiva-Nataraja. The trajectory of Rosie's careeras a low-caste girl and a suppressed dancer follows the paradigm of this mystic snake-"Every inch of her body from toe to head rippled and vibrated to the rhythm of this songwhich lifted the cobra out of its class of an underground reptile into a creature of graceand

Imagine there's No Heaven by Salman Rushdie

2087 words - 8 pages mockery of most of the religious beliefs about the creation of universe and life. He calls other people faiths as ‘stories’ and then mentions some mythological beliefs like Bumba, creator god in African mythology vomited the universe ,Shiva Nataraja, the Lord of the Dance danced to create the world in Tamil mythology or another polytheistic belief that god stirred the matter of universe in a giant pot. He declares the primary impulse of creation as

The History of Ballet

6486 words - 26 pages entertainment or spiritual reasons. The first recorded dancing, by our definition, is among the ancient civilizations of the middle east and India and among the aboriginal people of the Americas, Australia, and Africa. The Hindu god Shiva, known as Nataraja, Lord of the Dance, is portrayed as a many-armed being balanced on one leg. Actual dance forms appear to have been in place in India around 6000 B.C. 1 In studying the First Dynasty of Egypt

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

Similar Essays

The Lord Shiva: Hindu Traditions Essay

1151 words - 5 pages four main images of Shiva and they include: Mahayogi, Nataraja, Ardhaharishvara, and lingam. The four images of Shiva represent his different roles. The image of Shiva as the Mahayogi presents him in meditation and in a serene state. In this state Shiva is wearing animal skins and his eyes are only half open. The animal skin is a representation of being in touch with nature and his eyes are symbolizing that he is only partially in the world

Hinduism And The God Shiva Essay

1310 words - 5 pages around his mother and father. For my project I put together a collage of brightly colored paper showing Shiva as Nataraja, he has four arms and two legs. In each hand he is holding a different aspect of what he represents, his jewelry has a special meaning and even his hair has a legend of its own. Seen in many different forms of artwork and in several different art mediums Shiva is depicted holding many symbolic items, everything around him has

Hinduism And It's Gods Essay

1083 words - 5 pages . Shiva has two famous sons: Ganesha remover of obstacles and Skanda God of War. Shiva has a third eye, which allows him inward vision and burning destruction when focused outward. Shiva is sometimes featured with two arms but is also represented in Nataraja. Nataraja is a statue that depicts Shiva as the cosmic dancer, with four arms, who performs a divine dance to destroy a weary universe and make preparation for the God Brahma to start the

Bharata Natyam Essay

1135 words - 5 pages ://www.artindia.net/bharata.html>. Bharatanatyam. Hindu Student Council at University of Michigan. 25 Nov. 2002. <http://www.umich.edu/~hindu/dance/bharatanatyam.htm>. Bharata-Natyam: Shiva Nataraja, the God of Dance. Bharata-Natyam: Sacred South Indian Dance by Chandikusum. 25 Nov. 2002. <http://www.geocites.com/vienna/2861/Bharaeng.html>. Mishek, Chrysanthi. Personal Interview. 27 Nov. 2002. “Shabda (Khanda Muruga