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Nathaniel Hawthorne And Puritan Culture Essay

1727 words - 7 pages

One of Hawthorne’s best novels was The Scarlet Letter which presents a stable and sad tale of love and betrayal it was set in the context of the seventeenth-century, Puritan, New England. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s authorial intentions were to be the first American writer to explore hidden motivations of characters. His intentions of his beliefs were to show people that witchcraft wasn’t real and that Puritans were paranoid. Even though he had a Puritan descent he hated them with a passion he was ashamed of what his grandfather was and he added the w to his name through the shame of his history. Nathaniel Hawthorne wanted to present the puritans with a negative stigma. Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts. His family descended from the early Puritan settlers in America and had lived in Salem since the 1600s. One of his ancestors was a judge in the Salem witchcraft trials where many women were executed. Hawthorne's father was a captain of a ship, he died when Nathaniel was aged 4, and his mother became a virtual recluse. Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, where his best friends Franklin Pierce, who later became a president of the United States.

Nathaniel Hawthorne was an American novelist and short-story writer who was a master of the allegorical and symbolic tale. One of the greatest fiction writers in American literature, he is best-known for The Scarlet Letter 1850 and The House of the Seven Gables 1851.

Nathaniel Hawthorne was born 1804 and died in 1864. Between 1825 and 1836, Hawthorne worked as a writer and contributor to newspapers. Hawthorne was a writer all his life. The Democratic Review published two dozen stories by him and his life style. He has written a various amount of Novels for example: Seven Tales of My Native Land, Fanshawe 1828, Grandfathers chair 1841, Famous old people 1841; Liberty Tree 1841, Biographical stories for children 1842, Twice-told tales 1837 and many more.

He had written 39 Novels. Hawthorne was married in 1842 to Sophia Peabody. The Novel twice-told tales was written in inspiration of his wife Sophia Peabody. Hawthorne, who had written a campaign biography for Franklin Pierce, was appointed as consul in Liverpool, England. He lived there for four years, and then spent a year and half in Italy writing The Marble Faun 1860. During this productive period Hawthorne also established a warm friendship with Herman Melville, who dedicated Moby-Dick to him.

In 1620 pilgrims left England on board of mayflowers to search of a new life also a small colony. They mayflower had many poor conditions they had to sleep on the wet floor they also had treacherous weather for example “storm”. They travelled for 9 weeks because they believed God wonted them to travel to America. Puritans were critical of the national religion (C of E) so the Protestants believed that the religion was too catholic, corrupted and man made.

The Puritans held separate meetings which was illegal....

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