Natinal Labor Relations Board & Functions

793 words - 3 pages

The National Labor Relations Board is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1935 to administer the National Labor Relations Act, the primary law governing relations between unions and employers in the private sector. This statute guarantees the right of employees to organize and bargain collectively with their employers or to refrain from such activity. Generally applying to all employers involved in interstate commerce except agriculture, airlines, railroads, and government the Act implements the national labor policy of assuring free choice and encouraging collective bargaining as a means of maintaining industrial peace. Over the years, Congress has amended the Act and the Board. Courts have developed a body of law drawn from the statute.
In its statutory assignment, the NLRB has two main functions: (1) to determine, through secret-ballot elections, the free democratic choice by employees whether they want to be represented by a union in dealing with their employers and if so, by which union; and (2) to prevent and remedy unlawful acts, such as unfair labor practices, by either employers or unions. The agency does not act on its own motion in either function. It processes only those charges of unfair labor practices and petitions for employee elections that are filed with the NLRB in one of its 51 Regional, Subregional, or Resident Offices.
The NLRB has two major components. The Board itself has five Members and acts as a quasi-judicial body in deciding cases on the basis of formal records in administrative proceedings. Board Members are appointed by the President to 5-year terms, with Senate consent, with one member expiring each year.
The General Counsel is appointed by the President to a 4-year term with Senate consent and is separate from the Board and also responsible for the investigation and prosecution of unfair labor practice cases and for the general supervision of the NLRB field offices in the processing of cases. Each Regional Office is headed by a Regional Director that is responsible for making the preliminary determination in cases arising within the local area served by the region.
When an unfair labor practice charge is filed, the proper field office conducts an investigation to determine whether there is reasonable cause to believe the Act has been violated. If the Director determines that the charge lacks merit, it will be dismissed. A dismissal may be appealed to the General Counsel's office in Washington, D.C.
If the Regional Director...

Find Another Essay On Natinal Labor Relations Board & functions

Law of the Jungle Essay

1405 words - 6 pages representatives. It also created an independent, quasi-judicial agency ā€“ the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to provide the machinery for enforcing both these provisions. (Sloane/Witney, 2010) The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947: Officially the Labor-Management Relations Act, this legislation reflected a gradual turn of public opinion against unionism in the mid-1940s. The act amended but did not displace the Wagner Act to give greater

Labor Relations Paper

1292 words - 5 pages votes are verified by a member of the National Labor Relations Board. Contract negotiations can begin if the union is voted in (The Union Representation Election Process, 1999).Contract Negotiations"Contract negotiations in a union setting involve decisions about pay structure, job security, work rules, workplace safety, and many other issues. These decisions affect workers' and the employer's situation for the term of the contract." (Noe

Labor Relations

1758 words - 7 pages relations is very important to an organization as it provides a way manage and resolve conflicts by hearing complaints and negotiating labor contracts between employees and employersUnion OrganizingOrganizing a union can be a long and complicated process and is overseen by the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). The NLRB has two major functions: to conduct and certify representation elections and to prevent unfair labor practices. (Noe

Compensation Law

953 words - 4 pages The National Labor Relations ActIntroduction. The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) passed during the great depression in 1935 is alsoKnown as the "Wagner Act." It was designed to protect employees' rights to form and joinUnions and to engage in activities such as strikes, picketing, and collective bargaining. WagnerAct was what really created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) which is anIndependent federal agency charged with

Labor Union Paper

863 words - 3 pages , 2007). the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations advise employees that joining a union is not that easy; the National Labor Relations Board has to set up an election after a majority of employees decide to unionize by signing cards or a petition (AFL-CIO, 2007).The lower compensation and benefits plans, training opportunities, job securities and higher wages received from Happy Trails are some of the issues that union

Human Resource Management in the US

1770 words - 7 pages Act of 1935 gave employees the right to engage in collective bargaining through representation by a labor union. This Act also specified the process through which employees gain representation, outlined specific practices of management that were labeled unfair labor practices, and set up the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to oversee compliance. Later Acts amended this legislation to include unfair union practices and to specify that union

Outline the changes in the Australian labour market since 1980.

4539 words - 18 pages it now relies on the corporation's power, instead of just on the traditional federal industrial relations power for dealing with interstate industrial disputes. In a tight labor market, when employees and unions have in a good position to engage in collective bargaining, business has tended to favor compulsory arbitration. When unemployment has been higher, on the other hand, and the position of labor has been weaker, business has favored direct

Labor Relations

1128 words - 5 pages known as the Wagner Act that was upheld by the Supreme Court in 1937. Fair practice rules and minimum wage laws are examples of labor relations. Labor relations may also involve non-union employees in the private sector. The National Labor Board is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1935 to administer the National Labor Relations between unions and employers in the private sector. The statute guarantees the right of employees

Employee and Labor Relations

1517 words - 6 pages employees as well as the union itself. Many times, if management tries to outsource the human resource functions, unions will prevent this from occurring, saying employee right are being violated by taking these actions. Works Cited Heavrin, M. R. (2013). Labor Relations and Collective Bargaining. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc. Human Resource Outsourcing for the Manufacturing Sector. (2009, November 23

Effects of Union in a Workplace

1626 words - 7 pages productivity is not possible to expect by using theory unambiguously because unions can not only increase but also can decrease the workplace or firmsā€™ productivity performance. Existence of union may decrease labor productivity through restrictive work exercises, industrial action; influence the organizations to invest less and, lower trust and teamwork through adversarial industrial relations. Instead labor productivity may be higher in the existence of

Defining Public Relations

1301 words - 5 pages definition of public relations which has become the most accepted and widely used. Their definition is defined as "Public relations helps an organization and its publics adapt mutually to each other". In this definition, the essential functions of research, planning, communications dialogue and evaluation are implied. Key words are "organization" rather than the limiting implication of "company" or "business", and "publics" which recognizes that all

Similar Essays

Labor Relations Paper

1098 words - 4 pages concern among human resource professionals, employers, and public policy decision-makers.The ElectionAn election is the act of selecting a person or people through a vote for a particular office. In organizing a union, management and independent contractors are excluded from the process of voting. A ballot is given to all eligible employees and the votes are tabulated by the National Labor Relations Board, (NLRB).Contract NegotiationsContract

Labor Relations Paper

1106 words - 4 pages , management and independent contractors are excluded from the process of voting. A ballot is given to all eligible employees and the votes are tabulated by the National Labor Relations Board, (NLRB).Contract NegotiationsContract negotiations have a profound effect on labor cost and productivity. Union representatives and management representatives must be very careful when he or she is paring to negotiate a new contract. Preparations include establishing

The Labor Management Relationship Essay

1888 words - 8 pages balance between employment functions and the rights of the laborer. Also important to note, is that this relation is equally important to the public sector as it is to the private one. Therefore, to ensure a mutually conducive labor environment exists, effective labor management process and inclusive negotiation program should be adopted (Mulve 2006; Walton, 2008). Background Labor relations emerged as response towards combating the economic

Functions Of Public Relations Paper

807 words - 3 pages communicationsInvestor relationsMedia relationsProduct/Service publicity (announcements/promotional)ResearchMany others including photographic services (Haynes, 2003)These functions of Public Relations interact and inform the public in several ways as a planned and sustained program conducted by an organization's management to:Maintain two-way communications between an organization and its publics.Monitor awareness, opinions, attitudes, and behaviors inside