Natioanl Parks Essay

1728 words - 7 pages

A national park is an area set aside by a nation’s government to protect natural beauty, wildlife, or other remarkable features. Some national parks protect entire environments like coral reefs, deserts, grasslands, mountain ranges, or rain forests. Today about 1,500 national parks protect about 1.5 million square miles. Theodore Roosevelt had a huge impact on the national parks we know today. The three I found most interesting include The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the Sequoia National Park, and the Everglades National Park.
Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt had a huge impact on the national park system that extended well beyond his term in office. Teddy Roosevelt first ...view middle of the document...

Roosevelt also added land to the Yosemite National Park. As you can see Roosevelt had a huge impact on the National Park System.
“There can be nothing in the world more beautiful than the Yosemite, the groves of the giant sequoias and redwoods, the canyon of Colorado, the canyon of Yellowstone; and our people should see to it that they are preserved for their children and their children’s children, with their majestic beauty all unmarred.” –Theodore Roosevelt
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, world known for its diversity in plant and animal life, protects some of the oldest mountains in the world and is America’s most visited national park. The Great Smoky Mountains was named for the large amount of fog in the mountains which appears as rising smoke coming from the mountains. The bill to create the park was passed in 1926 and the park was established in 1930. These mountains form the boundary between Tennessee and North Dakota.
Elevations in the park range from 875 feet to 6,643 feet, but the highest peak, in the park, is Clingmans Dome. It rises 6,643 feet and there are sixteen other peaks that rise above 6,000 feet. Also the Appalachian National Scenic Trail winds through the park for over 70 miles.
The American Black Bear is a well-known symbol of the Great Smoky Mountains and is the most famous resident of the park. The park is home to about 1,500 bears. Although many other species live here, about 17,000 species have been documented in the park. Some of the common, well-known animals that you might see include: The White-Tailed Deer, chipmunks, wild turkey, ground hogs, The American Black Bear, Great Horned Owls, and many breeds of salamanders. The Great Smoky Mountain National Park is many times referred to as the “Salamander Capitol of the World.” The climate and geological factors combine to the development of around thirty salamander species. Areas like Chattahoochee and Cades Cove are usually your best chances in spotting some of these animals. There are many animals that have become extinct due to hunting, trapping, changing land uses, and many other factors. Some of these animals include: bison, elk, mountain lions, gray wolves, red wolves, river otters, and several fish and bird species, although these are the most common extinct animals there are many more. There are also many varieties of trees that grow in the mountains. There are more than 120 tree species and 1,600 known flowering plants.
The cool, moist climate of these mountains in the park, create the habitat suitable for these plants and animals. Heavy rain falls, that average about fifty-five inches to over eighty-five inches, and steep elevations make for an abundance of waterfalls. There are about six-hundred miles of clear spring fed streams which may lead to roaring waterfalls. When visiting the park you can expect rain and mist in all seasons.
Wilderness like in the Great Smoky Mountains is very rare in the Eastern United States so we should all strive...

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