There is a distinct difference between a nation, state, and nation-state. Modern Nation-State developed over the 20th century to compensate for the inadequacy portrayed by pluralistic empires and extreme nationalism. It is as a result of states seeking to expand their fixed territory that various wars emerged. Countries in Europe after experiencing the full effect of such wars opted to integrate thus forming the EU which is a transnational entity. In order to enjoy the full benefits of globalization it is expected in future transnational entity will play a major role than individual modern nation-state. Nevertheless, currently modern nation-states, still want to maintain the distinct characteristics of modern nation-states while still being members of transnational entity.
Characteristic of Modern National State
With exception of Antarctica, every other square mile of land surface on this planet is owned by a certain nation-state (Opello & Rosow, 2004). This is the first significant characteristic of a modern nation-state in today’s global order. Modern nation-state is a form of political-military rule with sovereignty power over its defined territory. Within this territory the state is suppose to exercise its jurisdiction free from interference and influence from other states and entities. Apart from outside interference, individuals and/or group within the territory of a modern nation-state are prohibited from using coercion over the population without authority from the state. Only the government of the modern state can legitimately use physical coercion over its population (Opello & Rosow, 2004; Gepin, 2010).
The effectively Government effectively run the modern state through a system of bureaucracy; public offices are assigned certain important roles. The civil servant and government employees have to act in accordance with the state jurisdiction (Opello & Rosow, 2004). Even the highest form of authority, the ruler, has no autonomous power in a modern nation-state. The ruler’s role is only to serve and protect the interest of the state, he or she cannot claim or exercise authority that depicts him/her as the owner of the state. Actually the ruler is a representative of the people, supposedly assigned to that position through a rational process of fair and sincere periodic election. Every adult in the population is supposed to choose his/her preferred leader from a list of eligible candidates (Gepin, 2010). The role of population in modern nation-state therefore can not be overstated. Actually, the peaceful existence of such a state largely depends on the sense of nationalism and loyalty of its population (Opello & Rosow, 2004).
Nation, State, and Nation-State
To a layman, there is no difference between a state and a nation; in fact even experts in this matter sometime used the terms synonymously. A state, nation, and nation-state differ from each other in a couple of ways. For starters, a nation is not necessarily...