Current reforms and initiatives based on the national education standards focus on student’s achievement and teacher’s preparation. Educational researchers and curriculum designers continuously find problems with standards and requirements on a state level and how the state and local boards of education focus highly on advanced placement and cultural literacy. A key focus is also accountability for students, schools, and school-districts in regards to academic performance. A new factor that has surfaced is school choice (charter schools and home schooling) and character development. Progressive teachers are able to guide learners to new experiences in every lesson. However; they are sensitive to unique and different learning styles which enable the learner to construct knowledge.
Educational standards and requirements are dictated from the government and then passed down through the state, school district, and school boards. Many believe that this unfair to citizens locally. The requirements and standards for achievement vary based on location. Each school district has the authority to implement achievement goals for its schools. However, they must fall in line with the guidelines outlined by the government. Various components come into play when developing a strategic educational reform method. The process should be viewed as all inclusive and various communities and partnerships should have a say in the preparation of standards that are being placed in such high demand.
Societal & Cultural Influences on Curriculum Development
Two main influences on curriculum development are society and culture. Many people have the mentality that curriculum development is not rooted through society and culture. However; when you actually take time to observe today’s level of academia you will notice the influence that society and culture has placed on curriculum development from local, regional, and/or national standpoint.
Society can be defined as an organized group of people within a community who have come together for the purpose of culture, religion, political, or other personal reasons. In today’s society many influences affect the patterns of education regarding curriculum development. What was deemed the norm ten or twenty years ago has been noted as outdated due to technological advancements and many other components within our societies. Culture is deemed as the belief values to a specific society or social group. Education is known to be rich in all aspects as culture is held in the same regards.
Reform has been known to mean a “change”. Now this change can be viewed at in terms of policy, practice, procedure, or organization. However; the term reform is usually misunderstood as being a strategic method to correct or identify a problem. John Dewey was one of the matriarchs in educational reform with his advocacy for public education and social reform. The Encyclopedia of the Social & Cultural Foundations of...