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National Gallery Of Art Essay

504 words - 2 pages

The National Gallery of Art is a national art museum, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museum was established in 1938 by the United States Congress. This museum was able to be created due to the funds and art worked donated by several different people. Andrew W. Mellon, who was an American banker, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and Secretary of the Treasury, donated funds for construction and substantial art collection; also Lessing J. Rosenwald, Samuel Henry Kress, and Joseph E. Widener had major roles in making the museum happen. As a result, the National Gallery today houses one of the finest collections of Western painting and sculpture in the world (National Gallery of Art, Wikipedia).
The National Gallery was designed by architect John Russell Pope, who would also go on to design the Jefferson Memorial, the new structure was completed and accepted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on March 17, 1941. At this time the building was the largest marble structure in the world. In 1970 the Gallery’s East Building was constructed. Designed by famed architect I.M. Pei, the contemporary structure was completed in 1978, and was opened on June1 of that year by President Jimmy Carter. The new building was built to hold the Museum’s collection of modern paintings, drawings, sculptures, and prints, in addition to study and research centers and offices. The building design received a National Honor Award from the American Institute of Architects in 1981. Finally, on May 23, 1999, the final addition was open, which was the National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden. The location provides an outdoor setting for...

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