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National Peace Essay

3016 words - 13 pages

In today’s economy, many governments are disputing their allegiance and how their government should be run. Many countries are turning to democracy after uncountable years of dictatorship. Quite often, in the transition the current government officials don’t know how to switch over to a power that is fair and equal. How do you take an army that was once used to enforce a single man’s wishes which were often to enforce his rule, to a force that would help the common people in their striving for equality and a voice? This is what many governments are facing and many are uncertain how to approach this new concept. Two examples of this difficult but excellent turnover include Liberia and Egypt. These countries have many lessons that could be taught to others around the world to help make sustainable peace a possibility due to security sector reforms.
It is widely argued on how to reform the security sector within societies in transition. However through history, it is shown that security sector reforms generally work best when countries have stable government officials and government. When trying to switch troops for fighting for the man to fighting for democracy, there can be great confusion and allegiance issues. Trying to turn men against the only way they know, especially when their leader is still able to give orders, is very difficult. How hard is it to tell a child what to do when another person is right there telling them what to do as well? With the opposing force out of the way, there is a greater chance of getting the child or security force to change. The common issue with this is how to get the opposing force out of the way without causing more violence than there was initially. The best way to reform the security sector within societies in transition is to patiently sort out alliances, that way when the reform comes into place, there are no misunderstandings that could cause an outbreak of violence and fighting.
One example of security sector reform in today’s society is Liberia. Up until 2005, when Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was elected as president, Liberia had been mostly dictators. One of these included Charles Taylor, a man who ran most of the land in Liberia outside of Monrovia. Under his rule, the second civil war broke out. There isn’t really a huge issue that caused this other than Taylor was just an unfair man, who also was using his power to increase his own riches and hold over the country. Many civilians wanted out of this horrible arrangement and started Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy. (L.U.R.D.) This was the beginning of the security sector reform. These so called rebels fought to bring sustained peace to their homeland. This movement caused Charles Taylor to resign from his post, and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf then took control in 2005. She has worked on turning those under Taylor’s control to men who would protect their country instead of terrorize it. In the magazine New African, there was an article...

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