Security Sector Reform, or SSR, is a type of governmental assistance in which another country supplies helpful support in the democratic direction. An example of this would be in Egypt when the United States Government helped develop their democracy. This sector also helps those who are used to being at war find places amongst society and be able to live their lives working a full time job, rather than a rebel outpost. The SSR uses the help of the citizens currently in place to form the democracy. In this sense, they do not go into the country and do anything. The SSR is assisting those who are already there. The following is a synopsis of the SSR and how it could help, and possibly has helped, the world.
West Africa, a sometimes highly dangerous place, was subject to SSR attempts to help. The SSR is currently trying to find the sources of threat, which are, as Adedeji Ebo states, “...it is evident that the sources of threat are often internal and that the targets/victims are not merely states and security forces.” (Ebo). The SSR is still trying to help the government and to some degree it has been successful. Another case was in Iraq, when the Iraqi government had problems as Arnold Luethold states, “However, the Coalition Provisional Authority’s (CPA) decision to dissolve all the forces, including the police forces, without prior consultation with Iraqis, has met considerable criticism in Iraq and abroad, for it was perceived to undermine Iraq’s stability. (Luethold).
The challenges of such a program is extremely hard. The amount of people that it is trying to get to change viewpoints is almost impossible. The places that have been previously described show this in the fact that the United States is still trying to change these countries to help them. The process is certainly a difficult one and trying to attain peace is not easy either. The SSR also faces challenges when going up against a country that has substantial military power. Attempting to change how their government works is obviously difficult when the military forces do not want the help there. An example of this was in Russia when the collapse of Soviet Russia took place. It had detrimental impacts around the world and as Chris Donelly puts it, “The fact is that just about everyone grossly underestimated the magnitude of changes that the collapse of the Soviet system between 1989 and 1992 would usher in.” (Donelly).
Many places were classified into two different categories, post-war and political transition. The first would probably be easier to intervene and eventually help to change because the current government would be weaken by such a blow. The society would be in chaos while the help would be seen as a lifeline. It would be the perfect time because the SSR would be seen as the good guy lending a hand to a ravaged country, instead of the image of some other country coming in and taking control. In a political transition situation, it would be far more difficult because...