Presidential Policy Directive 8 revolves around national preparedness. It’s main goal is to strengthen “… the security and resilience of the United States through systematic preparation for the threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the Nation, including acts of terrorism, cyber attacks, pandemics, and catastrophic natural disasters…” (Presidential Policy Directive / PPD-8: National Preparedness, 2011). It directs the government to plan out an integrated systematic security framework that will help in preventing, protecting, mitigating, responding to, and recovery from terrorist acts and other such things (i.e. hurricanes and tornados). Also, the directive requires the framework to be scalable, flexible and adaptable.
NIMS is the shortened name for the National Incident Management System. Its basis is to be a “…template for preparedness, planning and response to emergency incidents that is an all-hazard incident management system… (Maniscalco & Christen, 2011, pg. 20). In other words, it’s a guideline for emergency preparedness for any situation. The National Incident Management System doesn’t have any specific responsibilities besides being a standard unified command system. Nonetheless, NIMS does define the roles and responsibilities of the federal, state, and local first responders during an emergency.
NIMS: Federal, State, and local first responder roles and responsibilities defined by NIMS is a very broad subject though. Several of the roles and responsibilities bring out the legal attributes of NIMS. For example, NIMS governs the certification and credentialing of incident responders. When responding to an incident, the incident management system needs the best qualified personnel. The more knowledgeable responders are, the better off an incident can be handled. Also, NIMS goes further and sets “… mandatory standards for emergency management programs that wish to receive federal funds, including Emergency Management Performance Grants (EMPGs)… EOPs, corrective action and mitigation plans, and recovery plans...” (Nicholson, n.d., pg. 412). In other words, if any emergency program wants to receive any federal money, they better be up to speed with NIMS standards. This also brings in another legal governing attribute of NIMS; it upholds Federal, State, and Local responder accountability.
The National Response Framework is abbreviated as NRF. The National Response Framework is “…a coherent strategic framework” and its scalability, flexibility, and adaptable coordinating structures help “…align key roles and responsibilities for national emergency response and planning efforts…” (Maniscalco & Christen, 2011, pg. 36). Making it more scalable, flexible and adaptable allows them to achieve their goals of preventing and disrupting terrorist attacks, protect the American population, protect critical infrastructures, respond and recover from incidents, and the continuity of strengthening the response framework (National...