Government Programs During The Great Depression

1175 words - 5 pages

With Herbert Hoover in office at the time of the crash of 1929, he believed it was not the government’s responsibility to get involved in helping the millions of Americans affected by this national crisis. However with elections coming up, Americans believed in a time for change. Franklin D. Roosevelt saw a chance to help save the American people and bring this nation of suffering back to a once thriving, prospering nation. With his election in 1932, he brought with him his plan, and this plan was the New Deal. He implemented twenty-five programs to aid Americans get back on their feet. Banks were closing, millions were out of jobs, and housing markets were closing. I saw three programs he developed helping millions of Americans with jobs. Through the lack of jobs created the lack of revenue which in turn was needed for the banks to survive to furnish loans for houses. The people needed a fresh start, and FDR, along with his cabinet members, facilitated a new beginning.
As President Roosevelt took his inaugural oath, he took on an unemployment rate to this day the highest in American history. He felt he needed to get the heart pumping by creating jobs. He started with perhaps one of the most popular programs, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). The CCC (1933-1942) provided work for young men to perform unskilled jobs in rural areas. This law provided employment in fresh-air government camps for about 3 million uniformed young men, many of whom might otherwise have been driven into criminal habits (830, Kennedy). Their jobs included the following: reforestation, firefighting, flood control, and swamp drainage. The recruits were required to help their parents by sending home most of their pay (830, Kennedy). Though people were not happy about the government militarizing the nation’s youth, the work these young men did assisted in preserving both human resources as well as natural resources. This program allowed for the reduction in crime rates for being relocated as a young man in these times were hard enough as it was and to begin a new, better life they needed to sacrifice their previous life for the sake of their families. They made thirty dollars a day but twenty five of that was to be sent to their families for support. Roads were built, trees planted, millions of acres of agricultural land received drainage systems, and families back home were supported by the allotment checks sent by the young workers. Americans flocking to this program really showed the drive and passion America was established.
Another program involving employment of unskilled Americans was the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The WPA (1935-1943), replacing the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, was a national labor program which employed unskilled men and women for construction work, sewing projects, and arts projects. The WPA, like the CCC, made available jobs for youthful men but in an artistic way. Under the WPA the Federal Art...

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