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Government Research Paper Over The History And Role Of The Cia

1288 words - 5 pages

The Central Intelligence Agency: Provider and Preserver of Security and JusticeThe letters "C, I, and A" do not mean more than part of the alphabet to most unless they are thrown together to create the respected acronym that we all know - the C.I.A. At first sound of the organization we all think of men in black suits and sunglasses that possess the sternest faces, and have complete seriousness and devotion toward their positions. Movies, television, and the rest of pop-culture have made them out to be just that all the time, but we have to wonder what else is there? The Central Intelligence Agency is a 20th century organization that has built a prestigious name for itself. Some of our nation's deepest secrets and truths are rumored to be obtained by the people of this group and is what makes it so interesting. I am not a member of the CIA, nor do I have direct affiliation to any, but I do look to find out more about this department of our government, how it came to be, and what exactly the people who make up its task force do.Like most organized countries, the United States has carried out intelligence activities within its government since the time of the Revolutionary War. Obviously the CIA did not exist back then, because it was not until the times of World War II that an official intelligence organization became coordinated by the government itself. The times were changing…especially those dealing with war, weapons, and tensions with other countries, nuclear threats, and foreign policy. In fear of falling behind in the strategic elements of the epic war, and in order to stay with the times, President Franklin D. Roosevelt sought to create an organization to deal with these growing issues. He was particularly concerned about the need for the State Department and War Department to cooperate better and adopt a more tactical view of operations. He turned to distinguished lawyer and decorated World War I hero, William J. Donovan, to tackle the assignment.Donovan began in July of 1941, and was coined the Coordinator of Information for the project, which resulted in the creation of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in June 1942. This was the first effective intelligence agency formed by the United States, and carried with it specific duties such as: collecting and analyzing information about countries at war with the nation, organizing guerrilla tactics, sabotage and espionage, and any other requests filed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the time.Operations accomplished by the OSS were unprecedented, and therefore required breakthrough training and usage of new skills. For the most part, missions of the OSS involved infiltrating or intercepting information from other countries during World War II. In 1944, the OSS purchased Soviet code and cipher material that aided in breaking many war plans drawn out buy the Soviets, and caused much controversy in the legality of the organization's new strategies. This was not the only situation that...

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