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Nationalism In Russian Music Essay

800 words - 4 pages

Nationalism in music started to emerge in Russia in the nineteenth Century. The national musical style of Russia had an emphasis on Russian folk songs and tunes. Nationalism was taking part in other regions such as Bohemia, Scandinavia, Poland, Holland, Belgium, Hungary, Poland, Spain, Portugal and also in North America. It was a rebellion from the Italian, French and German tradition of music who were the dominant forces in music.
There was a composer in Russia, Verstovsky, with his imitation of Italian and French music was a forerunner but the real founder of National Russian music was Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (1804-1857). He composed two operas “A Life for the Tsar” (1836) and “Russlan ...view middle of the document...

Dargomijsky utilized a text which the Russian author Pushkin left at his death, and completed his opera “Russalka”. It is said to have had choruses of country people speak Russian dialect, rough humour and a terrible kind of realism. He is said to have developed operas from the spirit of the Russian language a new type of speech-song with full of character and free harmonic texture. It varied slightly from Glinkas operas as his had a slight trace of the Italian style of music.
A group formed of five young musicians in 1860 who were the new generation to develop the nationalism in Russian music. They were Mili Alekseyevich Balakirev (1837-1910), Cesar Antonovich Cui (1835-1918), Alexander Porfirevich Borodin (1833-1887), Modest Petrovich Musorgsky (1839-1881) and Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908). They were nicknamed ‘The Mighty Five’. They broke away from the larger circle of Russian musical life and they had a stricter nationalism. There was little unity in the group but they mainly united through their opposition to a neo-German school concert association, the Russian Musical Society that had a German basis and run by German instructors.
Balakirev was known as the leader of the group. He composed, among others, songs, symphonic poems, piano pieces and orchestral music. Rimsky-Korsakov is probably...

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