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Natural Disasters And Their Impacts Essay

3144 words - 13 pages

Natural Disasters and Their Impacts

The risk from natural is increasing all the time, more hurricanes, and
floods are predicted to result from global climate change. At the
moment, on average, each year natural disasters leave around 4 million
people homeless and kill 128,000 people world wide, this is not even
taking into consideration the damage that they perform in the process,
and the cost that this causes the worlds economy. Each year the
developing countries accept $35 billion dollars in damages caused by
natural disasters from the rest of the world. There is little doubt
that natural disasters have a significant impact on the world, whether
developing or already developed. The extent to of this effect will
always depend on several things, where about in the world that the
hazard occurs is the main factor i.e. a developed or developing
country. This can determine how prepared the area that it occurs is,
and so how bad the impact on the country is, because obviously almost
always the more prepared a country is for an event, then the less
drastic it will be when it finally hit, as they can take adequate
precautions to try and prevent it causing complete devastation. Not
only will this differ in the two countries, but also the knowledge of
the public will change, again disadvantaging the less developed
countries.

So in order to try and answer the question posed I will need to look
at a variety of different hazards that affect us, I will include
earthquakes, volcanoes and tropical cyclones. For each of these
hazards I will look at the preparation that each country undertook,
and their general management of the hazard for an example of each
hazard in a LEDC and an MEDC.

The first hazard that I am going to look at is an earthquake and the
two countries that I am going to look for an example of this hazard
are Los Angeles in 1994 on the North Ridge, an example of an MEDC, and
the Indian earthquake in 1993 for an example of an LEDC.

There are a wide variety of physical (geological) and human (economic,
political and historical) factor that effect how significant an
earthquake can be. However the main thing to be put into consideration
is the fact that the focus may be deep underground so the impact is
less.

Proximity of the epicenter to urbanized areas must also be considered
as the nearer that they are generally the more of a potential threat
that they can cause to humans, as an epicenter which is in a CBD will
obviously cause more damage than one in the country side, as there is
more there to damage, and also people are much more closely 'packed'
there is much more of a chance that people will get hurt, as even if
the same amount of buildings were to collapse in each country, then
the more densely populated area, would have most casualties, even if
the damage is...

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