This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Natural Disasters Are Not Purely Natural

930 words - 4 pages

Introduction
The increased media coverage of the impacts of disaster events has caused a renewed interest in natural disasters (Hamilton and Press, 2009). This paper endeavors to show that what masses perceive as natural disasters are because of an array of factors. The focus is on human activities that create a fovourable environment for drought to become a natural disaster in arid areas (Giorgis, 2005). Socio-economic and environmental exposure can lead to disastrous consequences from even unpretentious vulnerability. Koffi Annan (Alexander, 2009) agrees with this. He states that human behaviour mainly results into what we call natural disaster. The research paper looks at evolution of the disaster field and illustrates the contributing factors to drought conditions in North Eastern regions of Kenya.
The evolution of the disaster field
Alexander (2009) defines natural disaster as extraneous elements within the environment that are harmful to human beings. This is in agreement with the traditional view of hazards as “acts of God”, against which man has no control (Alexander, 2009). Human beings were believed to carry no blame in enabling the occurrence of natural hazards and equally thought to have no power to mitigate them (Hamilton and Press, 2009). In the 20th century, the development of technologies to mitigate disaster impacts resulted in a desire to re-look at naturalness of disaster events (Giorgis, 2005).
Research focused on the study of environmental triggers of natural disaster such as “geo-tectonics, climates, and biological factors” (Boonzaier et al., 2007). However, with time has come a realization that the bulk of disasters are because of interactions among human beings. This has led to the emergence of new theories like the ‘structural’ approach, coined to explain disaster in Third World (Giorgis, 2005). It identifies social, political, and economic factors as the main roots of disasters. These create fovourable conditions for hazards to thrive. The theory shows that the relation between poverty and human susceptibility to hazards is true (Giorgis, 2005). Poor people faced with disasters have no way or resources to minimize the impact of hazardous events (Bryant, 2006).
The African context
The extent to which human populations are exposed economically, socially and politically is directly proportional to the occurrences of disasters. Researchers have shown that the worldwide increase in the number of disasters leading to both life and material losses is directly proportional to the man-made triggers (Alexander, 2009).
In Africa, most of the natural disasters are not spontaneous events, but rather progressive occurrences. Drought, land degradation, and desertification are identified as some of the factors accountable for vast human and environmental losses (Bryant, 2006). The application of the new technologies in Africa has not been fully been able to stop or lessen natural disasters, frequently caused by the socio-economic...

Find Another Essay On Natural Disasters Are Not Purely Natural

Natural Disasters Essay

2236 words - 9 pages Natural disasters happen all over the world and they can be completely devastating for people and the environments they live. Natural disasters are caused by nature and there is nothing that we can do to prevent them from happening, there are many different events that lead to natural disasters, and being aware of these causes enables us to be better prepared when such disasters present themselves. China is one of the unlucky countries that

The Earth's Natural Disasters Essay

1965 words - 8 pages and moving inland quickly is what has saved lives, however it is not guaranteed. These are tragic events, and sometimes no matter how prepared someone is, they can still mark horrific results. Tornadoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis prove to be destructive and dangerous, but with specific procedures followed, one can learn to keep themselves safe in these catastrophic situations. In the words of Petra Nemcova, “We cannot stop natural disasters but

Natural Disasters in Haiti

1703 words - 7 pages either wood or charcoal. This deforestation has led to terrible erosion in much of Haiti, which means that there is little natural protection when natural disasters strike. Because all of the forests are gone, there is no “natural buffer” (Than) against water, so often this leads to flooding. Haiti is more susceptible to landslides and flooding because they lack this natural barrier. When they are hit by these smaller floods and mudslides, more

Natural Disasters: Horrendous Hurricanes

1909 words - 8 pages New Orleans, Hurricane Katrina struck in late August 2005; it was also considered a category 5. In late 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit New Jersey at a category 3. Although they may seem very similar, Hurricanes Andrew, Katrina, and Sandy, three devastating natural disasters, are different in their characteristics, preparation, damage, and recovery/resulting changes. Hurricane Andrew had different characteristics from both Katrina and Sandy

Haiti and Natural Disasters

1378 words - 6 pages Haiti is a well-known country for having the worst natural disasters and other bad mishaps. Many people have been hurt, killed, or died in ways never thought possible. All that is heard from this country is always something bad. Not yet have I heard of something good from its people. Those that live in Haiti live in fear, depression, and some even go suicidal. Is Haiti really that bad! People make it seem as though they were describing “Hell

Natural Disasters- Hurricanes

1921 words - 8 pages known as the Federal Management Agency takes care of natural disasters after they happen (federal response) (Torres 16). They had never experienced such a disastrous storm. The safety shelters were soon over crowed with not enough food, drinks, or electricity. At the superdome, where twenty five thousand people were sheltered two sheets of metal were ripped off allowing rain water and other debris to enter (Torres 17). Before the storm was soon

Disasters and Natural Hazards

2516 words - 11 pages 1912 Regina Cyclone Disaster Report Earth 270 – Disasters and Natural Hazards Professor Stephen G. Evans April 4th, 2014 Daniel Wang 20432430 Executive Summary Regina was hit by its first ever tornado on June 30, 1912, but it is still the deadliest tornado in terms of human lives lost to have occurred in all of Canada to date. The tornado was estimated to have been an F4 in magnitude, with wind speeds of 333-418 km/h, and

The Earth's Natural Disasters

652 words - 3 pages established, it's important for one to know of the different types that could occur. The first is a tornado produced by a supercell thunderstorm. These are formed from ongoing or long storms, that contain swirling air. These supercell induced tornadoes are the most common, but also tend to be the most hazardous. Another tornado, would be a landspout, which is typically not as strong or forceful as a supercell. These have nothing to with the vortex of air

Catesptrophic Consequences of Natural Disasters

875 words - 4 pages religions so they suffered. She is not the only one who believes such things. Another man named Din Syamsuddin a cleric and deputy chief of one of Indonesia's largest Muslim organizations said “the people of the Aceh region had accepted the tragedy as a sign of God's disapproval and a divine examination to test their faith. Natural disasters are an indication that man has strayed from the path of God, he said: We believe it is an examination, and we

The Future: Incoming Natural Disasters

1493 words - 6 pages greatly due to the loss of agricultural production. Farmers are displaced because they can no longer grow crops. Money, which was initially meant to pay back debts, is not used to reconstruct damaged regions around the world. Food business and companies will experience in a decline in profit due to less food productions. These natural disasters will most likely impact the ecology and the environment more. Desert regions will undergo a change in

natural disasters and infectious diseases

762 words - 4 pages The focus of this paper will revolve around the areas of NATURAL DISASTERS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES and how they affect multilateralism in the Asia-Pacific region. Multilateralism as a whole in this region has been quite unique in its aspects, specifically within the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). This is because although states are willing and interested in part to send aid and relief products to other member states in times of

Similar Essays

Natural Disasters Essay

596 words - 2 pages , disabilities and shelter damage. People have been losing relatives, friends, shelter and property. Even though these disasters cannot be stopped from occurring, recognizing their danger and their effects is essential. Natural disasters may occur in many different forms including but not limited to floods, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. There are a variety of different natural causes that lead to these disasters starting from a change in

Natural Disasters Essay

751 words - 3 pages Natural disasters affect countries not only physically, but also economically. In this essay I’ll be discussing both the physical effect and economical effect of these disasters in both developing and developed countries. This essay will also show why I believe that these disasters are also more detrimental to developing countries than they are in developed countries. Natural disasters in developing countries occur more in the fashion of

Natural Disasters Essay

2436 words - 10 pages There are no "natural disasters"- only inadequately planned human settlements. (J&K floods related column)Teacher is discussing the topic of eruption of Mt.Vesuvius and how a volcanic eruption completely destroyed the Pompeii in early Christian era and the class is looking thrilled. The topic proceeds and often the mention is made of Mt. Tambora's volcanic eruption in Indonesia in the year 1815 that left a mark in the history of many nations

Natural Disasters Essay 640 Words

640 words - 3 pages Natural disasters have been the cause for major roadblocks in societal development throughout history. Even evolutionary history has been interrupted with the mass extinction of dinosaurs. Although past disasters reign in the minds of all people, one must always consider if the worst is yet to come. San Andreas Fault The San Andreas Fault is located in California heading northwest for 1000 km. The fault marks the boundary of the North