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Natural Disasters In The World Essay

1889 words - 8 pages

All over this earth there are numerous types of Natural Disasters. They are the most powerful forces of nature, which cannot be prevented. They cause all sorts of devastating destruction. Our only hope is that we can avoid them and keep ourselves out of their pathway. They occur in all different parts of the world. There is not a part of the world that does not experience at least some type of natural disaster. Hurricanes, Tornadoes, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Avalanches, Wildfires, Volcanoes, Floods, and Thunderstorms are the N.D.’s that will be focused on in this research paper. There are more but these are the ones that have been chosen to discuss.
We shall begin with Hurricanes. At least for people in the Western Hemisphere, Hurricanes are very well known. They are Massive storms with very powerful winds. Hurricanes are one of the most destructive N.D.’s. These storms begin in the North Atlantic Ocean, which is referred to as the “Tropical zone”. The warm, moist air in this area is what really powers hurricanes. Hurricanes form between June and November of every year. In 2005 15 hurricanes hit land but generally about six hurricanes come together in a given year. Hurricanes begin as a “Tropical Depression”, which is a rain storm with wind speed of about thirty-eight mph. or less. The next stage of the storm is called a “Tropical Storm”, which consists of heavy rains with wind speed of between thirty-nine and seventy-four mph. Thirdly the storm escalates into its final and most powerful stage, which is given the title “hurricane”. The Hurricanes wind speeds are 75mph. or more. Although the storms are very powerful, if you live far inland then you shouldn’t be worried much. As soon as the hurricane hits land, with nothing feeding its power, it begins to diminish. The center of the storm is called “The Eye”. The Eye is about fifteen miles in diameter. This section of the hurricane is very calm and tranquil. Hurricanes are graded in strength from one to five. One is the weakest and five is the strongest. Since the nineteen-forties meteorologists have given hurricanes human names. In 1992, a hurricane named Andrew hit Florida. This hurricane released up to 2.4 trillion gallons of rain each day. In 2005 a Hurricane named Katrina hit in the last week of August. It was a category five storm with winds of 170 mph. when it hit land. This storm was over one-thousand miles across. According to statistics Hurricane Katrina was #6 in strength, #3 in the amount of American’s dead, and #1 in costs. Unfortunately there is no way to prevent hurricanes from occurring. An accurate forecast is the best defense against one. The TNHC (The National Hurricane Center) monitor the ocean for hurricanes at all times. They do this in order to give out quick warnings for those who could be affected by it. Hurricanes are extremely dangerous storms and definitely fit into the category of Natural Disasters. The high winds in a hurricane can cause tornadoes, another Natural...

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