Natural Gas Essay

852 words - 3 pages

Like oil, natural is a product of decomposed organic matter, usually from ancient marine microorganisms left on the bottom of bodies of waters mixed with mud, silt, and sand on the sea floor, gradually becoming buried over time. Since it is sealed off in an oxygen-free environment and exposed to increasing amounts of heat and pressure, the organic matters undergo a thermal breakdown process that converts it into hydrocarbons. The lightest of these hydrocarbons exit in the gaseous state under normal conditions and are known collectively as natural gas.
Once this natural gas forms, it depends on two very critical characteristics of the surrounding rock: porosity and permeability. POPOSITY is referred to as the amount of empty space there is within the grains of the rock. Highly porous rocks like sandstones, on a good day have porosities of 5% to 25%. this gives them a large amount of space to store fluids like oil, water, and gas. PERMEABILITY is a measure of the degree in which the pore spaces in a rock are interconnected. A rock with high permeability will let more gas and liquids to flow very easily through the rock.
After natural gas forms, it then rises to the top of the surface through the pores spaces in the rock because of its low density compared to the surrounding rock.
The biggest reserve of natural gas is in...Russia!, which has seven times the reserves of the U.S. Our country is endowed with a substantial resource of natural gas and new findings has revised that number in the upward position in the last few years. But, what we Americans do best, we use more gas every year than can be produced so we depend on the Canadian fields to supply most of the balance through pipelines.
Even though the natural gas we use to heat our homes and cook our meals and the power plants contains more than 90% methane, several other substances may be mixed with the raw gas that is first extracted from the well. The substances can be water, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, liquid hydrocarbon condensate, and heavier gaseous hydrocarbons such as thane, propane, and butane. Most of these are separated from the methane at a processing facility.
Because pure natural gas is odorless, a sulfur-based compound with a rotten-egg smell is added before it is piped to homes so that leaks can be noticed very easy. I know we all have smelled that lovely aroma a time or two!
We've all heard it before and our children's children will continue to hear it, Global Warming. But, even though...

Find Another Essay On Natural Gas

Natural gas and Biofuels Essay

816 words - 4 pages Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of buried plants and animals are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years. These animals and plants originally produced an energy that came from the sun, and it is stored in the form of carbon in natural gas. NG is combusted to generate electricity, allowing this energy to turn into power. Natural gas is a non-renewable resource. However, it is clean, convenient to use and easy

Earth and Natural Gas Essay

2332 words - 10 pages outweigh the cons. This energy source is natural gas. The main reason for the heavy debate is not the energy source but rather the mining of the energy source through the process of hydraulic fracturing. In this report the following topics will be discussed to get a better understand of natural gas and the hydraulic fracturing process. An overview of natural gas will be discussed. A detail description of hydraulic fracturing process will be provided

Rest of Natural Gas

2244 words - 9 pages Historically, there are three main means of extracting natural gas: vertical drilling, horizontal or directional drilling, and hydraulic fracturing, each playing a role in both oil and natural gas development throughout history. Vertical drilling is typically used to access reserves that are in more porous reservoir rock. Vertical drilling is the extraction technique used to retrieve natural gas from a highly permeable formation that will

Natural Gas Fracking Risks

1900 words - 8 pages Natural gas is said to be one of the most popular forms of energy today. In the past, often left undeveloped and wasted, it was once considered “unusable” and “worthless”, compared to oil. In order to try to break our country’s dependence on foreign oil supplies, we have begun to dip into our own natural gas supply. Natural gas is found underground, and is produced when trapped gas is released above ground. Hydraulic fracturing

Hydraulic Fracturing and Natural Gas

1029 words - 5 pages Introduction Natural gas to power vehicles and machinery has been a big approach that the United States government has made in order to further the advancement of being environmentally green friendly. Burning of natural gas is not as bad as burning real fossil fuel gas which is for that natural gas is the same gas that is used in house for heating, laundry drying, and also cooking. It is the gas that disperses and diminishes faster than

The Future of Liquefied Natural Gas

861 words - 4 pages The production of natural gas has increased over the past decade along with its consumption. However, some of the top consumers consist of countries such as Japan and South Korea, where natural gas is not produced at a sufficient amount domestically. As a result, the need for liquefied natural gas, also known as LNG, has increased. This need for LNG comes from the concept of condensing natural gas to its liquid state so that its volume is

Energy Resource: Natural Gas and Solar Energy

1574 words - 7 pages My two topics that I will be talking about are Natural Gas and Solar Energy. Natural gas is a nonrenewable resource and pretty soon we are going to have to learn how to do without it. Solar energy will always be around. It’s not very major now but in a few years I’m sure it will be. Natural gas is a mixture of Hydrocarbon gases that form with a petroleum deposit. A hydrocarbon is a compound that’s mostly made up of Hydrogen and Carbon. Natural

The Politics of Natural Gas Production

1387 words - 6 pages The Politics of Natural Gas Production In 2010, roughly 25 percent of the nation’s energy came from natural gas, a “fossil fuel” which American consumers and businesses heavily depend on for transport, light, and heat (Squire 6). As the U.S. population increases, so do the country’s energy needs. Political debate over how the U.S. can meet those needs has slowly simmered for several decades, escalating exponentially when the energy supply

Natural Gas Market Evolution in US

3098 words - 13 pages Natural Gas Market Evolution in US Introduction In terms of primary energy consumption, United States of America is world’s second largest country . It is about 19.5% of the world’s share. US consumed 69.7 billion cubic feet per day against the production of 65.7 Billion cubic feet per day in 2012 . Crude oil consumption and production of US in 2012 stood at 18.5 and 8.9 million barrels per day respectively. Looking at statistics, it can be

Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants

1458 words - 6 pages Coal and natural gas are the United States’ main fossil fuels used as energy sources. These fossil fuels both contain mixtures of hydrocarbons, which is a chemical compound of carbon and hydrogen (Olah, 2005). Currently, fossil fuels provide eighty-five percent of commercial energy, such as businesses, worldwide and this eighty-five percent does not even account for residential use. Imagine if the residential energy use was accounted for in

Natural Gas Storage: Feasibility of Hydrates

1853 words - 7 pages Introduction Natural Gas is a major energy source and approximately 22% of the global energy consumption is in the form of Natural Gas. Natural Gas is obtained from Oil Reservoirs, Shale Gas, Tight Gas, Coal Beds, and from Natural Gas Hydrates (NGH) i.e. Methane Hydrates present at sea beds. As of now, Methane Hydrate deposits are not being exploited commercially, but Japan conducted a six day offshore production test in the Pacific Ocean in

Similar Essays

Natural Gas Essay

1446 words - 6 pages The discovery of natural gas is not something new in fact it's older than what most think, it was discovered in 1626 by French explorers, but until 1785 people didn't know how to use it. Britain was the first to commercialize the use of natural gas; they used it to light firehouses and streetlights but this gas was produced by coal, in 1859, a former railroad conductor dug the first well, his name is Edwin Drake. The first specifically dug

Natural Gas Production: Shale Gas Essay

842 words - 4 pages  High expectations on shale gas Thanks to the development of shale gas, natural gas production in the United States has rebounded and is at its highest level in almost 40 years. Exxon Mobil is the worldwide leader concerning the exploitation of this new resource. If we consider than more and more countries are willing to be less dependent upon the energy supply, due to its expertise, Exxon will be a worldwide key player in the exploitation of

High Natural Gas Prices Essay

559 words - 2 pages High Natural Gas Prices"Natural gas seasonal prices staying high" is the title of an article written by Josef Hebert from the Associated Press on June 8, 2004. The article discusses the amount of natural gas stored in the United States as well as the growing demand of natural gas and how the pricing will stay high throughout the summer months of 2004.Natural gas has thousands of uses approximately 23 percent of the energy consumption of the

Fracking For Natural Gas Essay

876 words - 4 pages millions of energy consumers with an energy source that is affordable and cost effective ; therefore, the solution is hydraulic fracking, also known as “fracking,” Natural Gas has the capabilities of fueling American cars and homes for the next hundred years, and the best part is the United States is the largest supplier of natural gas. Let’s broke it down to 3 major parts: first, how fracking natural gas affects our environment, second how it is