Naturalism In Sister Carrie.Doc Essay

4837 words - 19 pages

Naturalism in Dreiser's Sister CarrieIntroductionTheodore Herman Albert Dreiser is one of the most outstanding realistic novelists in the history of American literature.His father's religious fanaticism, his mother's abiding tenderness and the family's unbearable poverty worked together in shaping the young Dreiser. As a product of these conditions,Dreiser possessed strong energy, determination to succeed, and an unalterable will.The boy Dreiser dreamed especially of Chicago,the magic city where young men and women wanted to sought their fortunes. His famous works are almost created based on his own experiences during his life.In his early years, Dreiser was influenced by Nietzsche's Darwinism thought, but since the nineteen twenties he turned to social realism, and later even naturalism with a distinct tendency.He is at last known as one American naturalist whose works are prone to showing the realistic life full of sufferings at his time in America. His works are close to people's life, which are honest, bold, full of passion for life. American Tragedy has won the highest achievement among all his works for it makes people see the real society clearly in America, which still has enormous realistic meanings to the literature world. While Sister Carrie has reshowed the authentic American society. Sister Carrie tells that a rural girl Carrie went to Chicago to make a living and finally became a famous actor, making a profound description about the unemployment, poverty and hunger beneath the prosperity of the capitalist society.As we know,Sister Carrie is well known as the work in which Naturalism attained maturity in America. Naturalism is an disputable writing method.There are many argument about whether naturalism should be taken by writers. This paper will take Sister Carrie as an example,and attempt to study it from naturalistic point of view,in order to show my opinion about this writing method. Naturalism is a special creative current of thought which emerged in 1890s and came to a dominant position in 1900s in Europe and America.It is characterized by its great emphasis on phenomenon in real life during the writing process.Emphasizing person's traits are determined by genetics, social and economic environment control, Dreiser in each of his works tries to reflect the naturalistic style.Although naturalism was once a popular writing style advocated by many writers for its characters referred above, this writing style also has some drawbacks. For instance,holding an immoral attitude and stressing too much on the animality side in one's humanity may produce a passive tone in the works. In fact, one's behavior and life,I think, are mainly determined by himself or herself, and humanity instead of animality still take a dominate position. Therefore,here I want to take Dreiser's most famous work Sister Carrie as an example to introduce my view about the writing method of naturalism , try to argue that naturalism may be not that...

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