Nature Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

974 words - 4 pages

Nature of the Industrial Revolution
There has been much objection to the term because the word revolution suggests sudden, violent, unparalleled change, whereas the transformation was, to a great extent, gradual. Some historians argue that the 13th and 16th cent. were also periods of revolutionary economic change. However, in view of the magnitude of change between 1750 and 1850, the term seems useful.
Dramatic changes in the social and economic structure took place as inventions and technological innovations created the factory system of large-scale machine production and greater economic specialization, and as the laboring population, formerly employed predominantly in agriculture (in which production had also increased as a result of technological improvements), increasingly gathered in great urban factory centers. The same process occurred at later times and in changed tempo in other countries.
The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
The ground was prepared by the voyages of discovery from Western Europe in the 15th and 16th cent., which led to a vast influx of precious metals from the New World, raising prices, stimulating industry, and fostering a money economy. Expansion of trade and the money economy stimulated the development of new institutions of finance and credit (see commercial revolution). In the 17th cent. the Dutch were in the forefront financially, but with the establishment (1694) of the Bank of England, their supremacy was effectively challenged. Capitalism appeared on a large scale, and a new type of commercial entrepreneur developed from the old class of merchant adventurers. Many machines were already known, and there were sizable factories using them, but these were the exceptions rather than the rule. Wood was the only fuel, water and wind the power of these early factories.
As the 18th cent. began, an expanding and wealthier population demanded more and better goods. In the productive process, coal came to replace wood. Early-model steam engines were introduced to drain water and raise coal from the mines. The crucial development of the Industrial Revolution was the use of steam for power, and the greatly improved engine (1769) of James Watt marked the high point in this development. Cotton textiles was the key industry early in the Industrial Revolution. John Kay's fly shuttle (1733), James Hargreaves's spinning jenny (patented 1770), Richard Arkwright's water frame (1769), Samuel Crompton's mule (1779), which combined the features of the jenny and the frame, and Edmund Cartwright's power loom (patented 1783) facilitated a tremendous increase in output. The presence of large quantities of coal and iron in close proximity in Britain was a decisive factor in its rapid industrial growth.
The use of coke in iron production had far-reaching effects. The coal mines from the early 1700s had become paramount in importance, and the Black Country appeared in England at the same time that Lancashire and Yorkshire were being...

Find Another Essay On Nature of the Industrial Revolution

Catalysts of the Industrial Revolution Essay

571 words - 2 pages The Industrial Revolution was the major advancement of technology in the late 18th and early 19th century that began in Britain and spread to America.The national and federal government helped the United States grow into a self reliant nation with improvements in transportation, technology, manufacturing and the growth of the population. American had an economy based on manual labour which was replaced by one dominated by industry and the

History of the Industrial Revolution Essay

1250 words - 5 pages 19th century: Machinery creaking, steam engine hissing, smoke blowing, heavy breathing; that is the sound of industry, the sound of progress. The industrial growth revolutionized the business world, and the birth of a business class came with the birth of a prominent working class. The first workforce was composed of farmers from the factories’ surroundings and, especially in the textile industry, of women and children; after 1830 was composed

The Causes of the Industrial Revolution

4892 words - 20 pages already open for many forms of early manufactured goods. The nature of conflict in the period resulted in most British warfare being conducted overseas, reducing the devastating effects of territorial conquest affecting much of Europe. This was further aided by Britain's geographical position - an island separated from the rest of mainland Europe. Another theory believes that Great Britain was able to succeed in the Industrial Revolution due to the

The aftermath of the Industrial Revolution

957 words - 4 pages Beginning first in Great Britain, industrialization spread to the continental countries of Europe and the United States. In 1815, Belgium, France, and the German states were still largely agrarian. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the mid eighteen hundreds. England was fortunate to have the right mix of an abundance of people, plenty of wealth, sufficient natural resources, new inventions, and a tolerant government, which allowed

The Main Outcomes of the Industrial Revolution

3911 words - 16 pages The Main Outcomes of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution had a huge impact on society. The major effects were socially and economically. It is rather difficult to date the start of the industrial revolution but history books of today suggest the onset during the 18th century. The change from agriculture to industry was vast and it must be remembered that England was the first country to undergo this profound change. The

Impact of the Industrial Revolution on History

2059 words - 8 pages Evolution is life, as life is constantly changing. During Histories most important periods the world changes drastically. According to historians, two of these periods have taken place, and one of them was the Industrial Revolution (Miller, 492). Like its name suggests the Industrial Revolution had to do with the evolving Industry. It was a period during the 18th and 19th centuries marked by social and technological change in which manufacturing

Portrayal of Machines During the Industrial Revolution

2208 words - 9 pages Portrayal of Machines During the Industrial Revolution Intuitively, we believe the portrayal of the machine in popular image-making during the Industrial Revolution became increasingly critical as time went on. With the building up of urban areas and unfurling of train tracks across the countryside, people's lives were forever changed by the machine.  Probing more deeply into the conceptualization of the machine, we view the role of

An Analysis of The Industrial Revolution

1502 words - 6 pages A whistle blows early in the morning, signaling all mill workers to head to the factory in the darkness of the day’s dawn. The Industrial Revolution was the start of a time period in which the handmade goods were being replaced by the products of the newly, built mills that could produce more in less time for a better price. Competition between the handmade and the manufactured goods became a struggle for most Americans; they had to choose a

Technological Innovations of The Industrial Revolution

708 words - 3 pages Technological Innovations of The Industrial Revolution There were many aspects of the eighteenth century Industrial Revolution, yet the most prominent were all of the technological innovations. Three main ideas that contributed to the growth of inventions were cotton production, iron production, and the steam engine. This web page will provide a brief overview of these discoveries. First, cotton manufacturing increased

The Start of America's Industrial Revolution

2272 words - 9 pages The Industrial Revolution did not start simultaneously around the world, but began in the most highly civilized and educated country in Western Europe – England. An empire like Great Britain was able to prevent the flow of new technology and experienced technicians to its colonies even while new machinery, like the spinning shuttle and the spinning jenny, was being used to develop textile manufacturing at home in England. The British Parliament

The Effect of Industrial Revolution on Britain

2204 words - 9 pages The Effect of Industrial Revolution on Britain "An industrial revolution is the term generally applied to the complex of economic changes which are involved in the transformation of a pre-industrial, traditional type of economy, characterized by low productivity and normally stagnant growth rates, to a modern industrialized stage of economic development, in which output per head and standards of living are relatively

Similar Essays

Humanity And Nature: The Period Of The Industrial Revolution

2252 words - 9 pages HUMANITY AND NATURE: THE PERIOD OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Human beings and their reaction and response to world events has changed and evolved throughout history. The time period of the Industrial Revolution was no exception. Humans´ responses to the consequences of the Industrial Revolution accurately depicted humanity and the stage of its evolution at that particular point in history. Humanity spoke out against the injustices they

Innovations Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

950 words - 4 pages Innovations of the Industrial Revolution As one of the greatest times of production and change in the quality of life for all classes and members of society, the Industrial Revolution marked a turning point for humankind. Together, the industrial revolutions in both America and Britain not only altered the lifestyles of many, but also offered solutions to many questions that had plagued society for numerous years. Changes that occurred in

Imapact Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

1117 words - 4 pages The Industrial Revolution was a time of dramatic change; the revolution brought out many advantages and progressed society itself. The most dominant country through the times of Industrial revolution was of course Great Britain. When reading the article by Braudel it?s clear to see that for fully understanding the aspects of industrial revolution and growth in Britain you must look at all factors that played a role. From the British agriculture

Effects Of The Industrial Revolution Essay

1319 words - 5 pages The Industrial Revolution that took place throughout the 18th and the 19th centuries had major effects which influenced every aspect of society and life such as, urbanization, imperialism and nationalism. The industrial revolution had an unfathomable effect on shaping the modern world to what it is today. Before the revolution, society revolved around farming and agriculture. There were only two social classes, the nobility and the working