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Nature Versus Nurture Essay

1081 words - 5 pages

Nature versus Nurture
Ashley Preston
Baker College
General Psych
Kendra Henry
05-26-14

Nature versus Nurture
Professionals and researchers, for years, have contemplated on the effects of nature versus nurture and how human development and the response comes into play. The argument for nature is, the terms of genetics or gender of a certain individual play a role that is stronger than one’s personal outcome and their choices they come to create in life. Likewise, when it comes to the argument of nurture, it is a state in which the person was or is raised and depends on the environment they have or will grow up in. This has a much greater effect on the results of the individuals’ behavior. With a significant amount of behavioral expert’s opinions taking a stance with either side of this issue, it is due to the diverse differences that mankind’s actions play on. However, the general public can form their own opinion when it comes to nature versus nurture, by exploring the different aspects of this type of debate.
Moreover, when it comes to nature versus nurture, the research of this debate provides descriptions on how individual’s behavior is predictably affected through DNA, along with specific characteristics. When it comes to the importance of study and researching personality and natural characteristics, behaviorists use a chart which is called The Big Five. The Big Five is composed of five traits or basic dimensions that help describe personality (Understanding Psychology). Behaviorists explore the reasons as to why would someone rob a store, why someone would be having issues with anger, or why an individual acts out with violence at home. When questions like this are explored, the following traits are looked at: Agreeableness, Dependability, Extraversion, Conscientiousness, Openness to Experiences, and Emotional Stability. In looking at the traits, behaviorists try to dissect certain individual’s traits, to test if they come naturally or if they have been influenced by their environment/surroundings.
Furthermore, gender is a naturalistic trait and over the years there has been a debate on which gender is more aggressive or violent than the other. The males are usually perceived as the most aggressive and stronger type, in society today. When it comes to this typical gender role, many specialists lean towards the role of the male to be true. This is illustrated by Eagly when she stated:
The male gender role includes norms encouraging many forms of aggression. Similarly, research on gender stereotypes has shown that men are rated as more aggressive than women and as more extreme on related qualities such as assertiveness and competitiveness. To validate this idea, some writers have pointed to the prevalence of aggressiveness among heroes in literature and the popular culture (1986). Whereas, the traditional female gender role places little emphasis on aggressiveness. Also, the primacy that this role gives to caring and other...

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