Nature Versus Nurture Debate Essay

1052 words - 4 pages

Genes or life experiences? What determines who you truly are? The nature versus nurture debate is one of the most popular debates throughout history. It questions whether genetics are the thing that decide who you are, or whether it is the life experiences that influence your characteristics and qualities. Did you gain that good humour from your mother? Or is it simply there due to the influences in the environment you grew up in? A rather vast selection of traits have been discussed in this type of debate – personality, gay or straight, political orientation, intelligence, and even your likeliness to be involved in violence. On the “Nature” side of the argument, it is believed that everything about us is already in our genes, and in some cases it is obvious that it is entirely down to genetics such as physical features and hereditary health issues. In opposition to this we have the “Nurture” half, it does not include just the love and care children receive by the people they have been raised by, but in a modern day debate environmental factors –such as friends from someone’s youth, surrounding culture, occurrences with technology, and even experiences from in the womb- are included. In my own personal view I believe that there are certain aspects in both arguments that provide evidence for equality in both nature and nurture.
Leaving behind all of the homophobic controversy that comes with homosexuality, do you think it is possible to be born with a gay -or straight- gene or is it down to choice? Psychologists Anthony Bogaert researched in previous years and came to a conclusion where men who had more biologically older brothers had a higher chance of being gay. This therefore suggests that nature is the cause of homosexuality. In an article discussing Bogaert’s studies it reports. “The result suggests that a man's sexual orientation may be influenced by the conditions in his mother's womb when he was a foetus.” Other studies suggest that there is an actual gay gene. Two sets of DNA were found and connected with being gay by a team of researchers at Chicago University. 400 pairs of gay brothers were used to find out these results. These results created controversy as woman against homosexuality could –in the future- find out the sexual orientation of her children before birth and abort them. Do you think a woman should have the choice to abort a child simply because she knows of its sexual orientation?
Monozygotic twins share almost identical DNA and are usually brought up in the same type of environment, this can be very useful when examining the nature-nurture debate. Studies carried out have shown that identical twins are two times as likely to have the same traits as fraternal twins, this suggest that genes do play quite a large part in who we are and that we are not just a ‘blank slate’ when we are born. Identical twin boys, Cory and Eric are examined regularly at Louisville University. Cory is shorter than Eric because he...

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