Naxalites influence and dominance have spreads across the country. The number of districts af-fected by Naxalism has leapfrogged from 55 in 2003 to 195 in 2009 resulting in over one-third of Indian territory dominated by Naxalites (as per one estimate over 40,000 sq km in the country is dominated by Naxalites). The Naxalites infested area is also referred as Red Corridor . Following map shows areas under different level of Naxalites Influence.
An analysis of the number of Naxalites related incidents indicates that threat has been gradually growing up in the affected states. Please refer to chart 2 and 3 for Naxalites related incidents from 2004 to 2008 in Naxalites affected states.
The graph above shows the number of Naxalites related incidents from 2004 to 2008 in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Orissa. In Andhra Pradesh, where security forces have been successful in beating back Naxalites, the Naxalites related inci-dents have been on the decline from 2006. In other states the situation either remain constant or on the rise. Chhattisgarh is the worst Naxalites affected state in the country, followed by Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra and West Bengal.
The threat from Naxalites has been gradually growing up in the urban areas. Naxalites are believed to be in the process of establishing bases composed of sleeper cells and frontal organizations, in and around Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Pune. As per media sources the ninth Unity Congress of CPI (Maoists) held in February 2007 had resolved to take their struggle into urban areas. Similarly documents seized in Chhattisgarh revealed that Naxalites are expanding in urban areas by building frontal organizations.
Naxalites use urban areas for procuring rations, logistics and arms and ammunition. For instance, in September 2006, the police arrested six persons in Chennai for their alleged involvement in manufacturing parts of rocket launchers for Naxalites.
It appears that Naxalites are trying to catch the young talent in universities in Delhi and Mumbai and for this purpose they have been using highly educated and senior cadres. On 22 September 2009, the police arrested foreign educated Kobad Ghandy, a politburo member of Communist Party of India (Maoist), in south Delhi. He was also in charge of the sub-committee on mass organizations and spreading its influence in urban areas. The arrest of Kobad Ghandy in south Delhi and two of their leaders, Vishnu and Shridhar, in Mumbai in 2007 highlights their penetration in urban areas.