In the early 1930s, the mood in Germany was grim. The worldwide economic depression had hit the country especially hard, and millions of people were out of work. Still fresh in the minds of many people was Germany's humiliating defeat fifteen years earlier during World War I, and Germans lacked confidence in their weak government, known as the Weimar Republic. These conditions provided the chance for the rise of a new leader, Adolf Hitler, and his party, the National Socialist German Workers' Party, or also known as Nazi party for short. Little did they know that the worst was yet to come for Jews.
By giving the Jews blame Hitler created an enemy. Hitler said that all of Germany’s problems had been caused by the Jews. Many people believed him. The solution to all these problems was to banish the Jews from the society. With this political message and the compromise to make Germany a large and economically powerful country Hitler’s party won the 1932 election. And in 1933 he and his party came to power.
Did Hitler invent hatred of Jews? No, Hitler built on and used Anti- Semitic ideas that already existed. He was Austrian and grew up in Vienna where the Mayor was extremely Anti-Semitic and where hatred of Jews was widespread. His hatred of Jews cannot be tied down to a specific event in his life, for example a Jewish childhood friend, as many children think.
Nazi education schemes part fitted in with Hitler’s idea but he wanted to occupy the minds of young Nazi Germany even more. Movements for youngsters were part of German culture and the Hitler Youth had been created in the 1920s. By 1933 its membership stood 100,000. After Hitler came to power, all other youth movements were abolished and as a result the Hitler Youth grew quickly. In 1936, it became all but compulsory to join the Hitler Youth. Youths could avoid doing any active serve if they paid their subscription but this became all but impossible after 1939. The Hitler Youth catered for 10 to 18 year olds. There were separate organizations for the boys and girls. The task of the boys section was to prepare the boys for military service. As for the girls, the organization prepared them for motherhood.
Because they were Jewish, owners of stores in Berlin were forced to suffer damage. Windows were smashed by the infuriated Nazi Mobs as the anti-Jewish element took vengeance for the shooting of Ernst Vom Rath, a German diplomatic aide, in Paris. Stores were wrecked, their contents burned and looted and synagogues were burned to the ground, while firemen were unable to do anything but check spread of flames to adjoining properties.
Before concentration camps, Jewish people were shot one by one into a ditch. But that all changed when Hitler realized it was wasting ammunition that was meant for the war. During 1934, SS Chief Heinrich Himmler centralized those camps that held prisoners under order of “Protective Custody” under an agency called the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps. Himmler...