Nazi Eugenics And Mass Murder Essay

1998 words - 8 pages

Adolf Hitler was the Nazi dictator known for the death toll of six million Jews in Germany. Hitler believed he could create the master race by the use of eugenics. Eugenics can be described as the improvement of hereditary traits by the reproduction of more desired people’s traits. Before Hitler could be brought down, he had managed to produce 42,000 pure Aryan children with blond hair and blue eyes. However, Hitler’s means of producing these children proved to be ruthless and atrocious. Hitler’s use of eugenics and hatred of the Jews progressed throughout his dictatorship from eugenics and breeding programs to euthanasia and from euthanasia to deportation and finally, one of the largest mass murders known in history- - the Holocaust, during World War II.
Hitler ruled Germany from 1933-1945. According to Mark Grimsley’s, . . . Hitler Had Not Come to Power? article, Hitler’s entrance as the ruler of Germany can be linked to Baron Franz von Papen, former chancellor. Papen foolishly believed once he helped Hitler into office that Hitler would look to him for guidance. Papen “detested” Kurt von Schleicher, the current chancellor; therefore, Papen and Hitler derived a plan for Hitler to take over chancellorship, which would eventually lead to Hitler’s dictatorship of Germany. Papen’s plan was for him and Hitler to achieve power together. Hitler and Papen’s plan depended on removing Schleicher as chancellor. Because Paul von Hindenburg, president and head of state, disapproved of Schleicher for failing to stabilize the government, he agreed to listen to Papen’s plan to ally Hitler’s Nazi Party and the German National People’s Party. However, Hindenburg disapproved the proposal of Hitler to chancellor because he thought Hitler would be better suited in a cabinet position. Eventually, on 30 January 1933, Hindenburg accepted the arrangement and Hitler became chancellor. Grimsley writes:
Hitler then lavishly used emergency powers, intimidation, and violence to secure a degree of control his predecessors had never come close to achieving. And upon Hindenburg’s death in August 1934, he assumed the presidency, thereby making himself the fiihrer who would place Germany on the road to world war. (Grimsley 5)
Hitler was able to achieve his goal of presidency, and once achieved, he showed his true colors; thus the beginning of an evil plan to breed his master race and rid Germany of all Jews.
Eugenics can be dated back to Darwin’s theory of evolution, which can be described as the belief that humans inherit diseases, special abilities, and physical traits; therefore, humans are subject to natural selection. The original aim of eugenics was to promote and ensure favorable genetic traits to future generations. However, Hitler took Darwin’s theory to an extreme. According to an article in Canada & the World:
The good characteristics were those of pure Aryans - - blond hair, blue eyes, and white skins. So, the Nazi bosses set up breeding...

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