Nazi Germany Essay

1429 words - 6 pages

Nazi Germany

After World War I, or The Great War as it was known back then,
Germany was left devastated both financially and, since German
propaganda had not prepared the nation for defeat, emotionally, resulting
in a sense of injured German national pride. But because Germany was
“stabbed in the back” by its leftwing politicians, Communists, and Jews,
or more colourfully known as the ‘November Criminals’, it was still
widely believed that Germany had not truly been defeated. When a new
government, the Weimar Republic, tried to establish a democratic course,
extreme political parties from both the right and the left struggled violently
for control. “The new regime could neither handle the depressed economy
nor the rampant lawlessness and disorder.” Amongst all this confusion and
squabbling, one party and one man seemed to stand out. The man was
Adolf Hitler and the party was the German Workers’ Party (DAP) later to
be called the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP) or more
widely known as the Nazi Party’s.

The German Workers’ Party (DAP) was just another party
espousing a right-wing ideology, like many other similar groups of
demobilized soldiers. However this simplicity of the party would have
been the attribute which would have attracted Hitler the most. This
allowed Hitler to pour his beliefs into the party and mold it into his image.
Soon after his joining of the party, Hitler renamed it to the National
Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP) but even then it was merely a
gang of unemployed soldiers who’s “spirits had been crushed and who’s
guns had rusted away.” But after Hitler’s first public presentation, in a
beer cellar, things started to change drastically. With the money from the
first presentation used to buy more advertising and print leaflets, the Nazi
Party was starting to act and look like a real party. Hitler’s beliefs of
national pride, militarism, commitment to the Volk and a racially “pure”
Germany as well as anti-Semitism soon attracted supporters by the
hundred. Although the German Workers’ Party started out as a small
right-wing organisation, with Hitler’s joining, it gained support.

The German Workers' Party now featured Hitler as the main
attraction at its meetings. In his speeches Hitler railed against the Treaty of
Versailles and delivered anti-Semitic tirades, blaming the Jews for
Germany's problems. At this point in time the Nazi Party’s ideals seemed
to attract members who were part of the labour sector in society or
workers. These were the men and women who worked in industrial
institution such as factories. These people were often threatened by
unstable employment and therefore pay, but Hitler offered stable
employment and pay. The Nazi Party’s policies based on anti-Semitism,
Lebensraum (Livingspace), economic and social reforms—including
nationalization of the trusts also attracted the workers. Times were
changing, however, and Hitler was ready to...

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