The foreign policy of Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945 was different than any other country during that era. Their distinct approach to ruling came from the nation’s many diverse philosophies. Furthermore, every basis of motivation and control came from the beliefs in which they so strictly followed. Many aspects, such as, communism, fascism, and nationalism, influenced these ideologies.
Unlike many other countries during this period, Nazi Germany objected the theory of Communism. As Communism spread throughout Europe, so did the fear of a leftist revolution. For this reason, many people responded by putting their faith in Hitler and his policies. In 1933, the Reichstag building was set on fire. Hitler reacted by blaming the event on Communists, in order to gain supporters for him. Additionally, Hitler used propaganda during the “Red Scare” to convince people to join the fascist movement. On November 25, 1935, Hitler signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Italy and Japan, ...view middle of the document...
Another element of Fascism was the glorification of war. Those who believed in this particular philosophy taught boys from a young age that they were meant to be fighters. This belief was a gateway to the Fascists avocation of Social Darwinism, the idea of “survival of the fittest.” Members of the fascist party believed that they were the dominant race and must wipe out all other inferior races. They considered themselves the “fittest”, and hence, declared war on a large amount of countries, in order to assert dominance. Fascists condemned democracy, only tolerating members of their own party. Anyone opposed to war was prevented from having power in the government’s decisions. For these reasons, Adolf Hitler focused his policies on conflict between nations and races.
Severe nationalism resulted in the creation of a German foreign policy that would guarantee worldwide expansion of Nazi power. Nationalists believed that all Germans must be united in one country. This idea, Volksdeutch, generated Hitler’s endeavor to take over any country that contained Germans. Germans also believed in the idea or “lebensraum,” or “living room”. This idea triggered their belief in the necessity of conquering more countries and Hitler’s strategy of imperialism. Nationalists held that their superiority permitted them to ignore any orders form other countries, which were considered mediocre. Due to their nationalism, Germans blamed other ethnic groups for their loss in World War I. As a result, they created foreign policies centered on the annihilation of cultures, such as, the Jews and the Slavs. This led to the Nuremberg Laws, the first anti-Semitic policies of Nazi Germany, revoking the basic rights of all Germans. It also resulted in catastrophes, the most well known being the Holocaust.
During the era of the Second World War, the foreign policy of Nazi Germany was shaped through their ideology. Their principles and beliefs were unarguably different than the norm of European countries between 1933 and 1945. The Germans opinions on the theories of Communism, Fascism, and Nationalism propelled them to power and molded their philosophes into what is now known as Nazism.