Nazi Socialism Vs. Spartan Ethos Essay

1104 words - 4 pages

National Socialism is a deeply conservative political ideology that stresses racial superiority, the subordination of the individual to the state and the right of the strong to rule the weak . Besides being associated with militarism, totalitarianism and dictatorial rule, National Socialist governments rely heavily on intense nationalism, mass appeal and other forms of propaganda to indoctrinate their people into giving up all personal rights in the name of the state . Moreover, National Socialist governments often initiate expansionism as well as a state obsession in eugenics, which results the purging of undesirables . However, throughout history there have been few states worthy of being deemed “National Socialist”. Some may even argue that Nazi Germany was the only true National Socialist state, while Mussolini’s Italy and Franco’s Spain could be better described as supplementary forms of fascism. Nevertheless, it is extremely important not to overlook the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta on the Peloponnese (the height of its history lasting from 700 BCE to 371 BCE) , which in some respects can be considered the first National Socialist state, though its society and political system does not entirely conform to the ideal model of National Socialism.
First and foremost, Sparta was a truly militaristic state. The Spartans’ need for a strong military and secret police force stemmed from their fear of a possible helot (the serf class that served Spartan citizens) revolt and the implications that it would have on their society . Spartan leaders focused strongly on maintaining a large and well-trained army by implementing mandatory military enrolment for all Spartan men between the ages of 20 and 60 . Though even before enrolling in the state army, Spartan males had to undergo a grueling physical training program during much of their youth, to develop them into strong fighters . The Nazi equivalent of the Spartan’s youth training system was the Hitler Youth. Apart from indoctrinating children with party propaganda, the Hitler Youth trained boys to use weapons, built up their physical strength and taught them new war strategies . The Spartan government’s emphasis on the military is evident in the roles of the two hereditary kings, as one of these kings was specifically in charge of the military . The Spartan’s strong sense of militarism initiated expansionism in the years 725 BCE to 550 BCE, just like it had in Nazi Germany in the years preceding World War II, but Sparta never developed into an imperialist state . Clearly militarism is an essential element in any National Socialist state and is one of the most obvious elements of the Spartan state.
On the other hand, Sparta’s system of government did not fit the National Socialist model. Though it may have been totalitarian (in the sense that the state controlled virtually all aspects of a citizen’s life), Sparta’s government was nothing near dictatorial. The Spartan regime has been...

Find Another Essay On Nazi Socialism vs. Spartan Ethos

Fasicsm Through a Gender Lens Essay

2098 words - 8 pages external reality associated with softness, with dissolution or the uncontrollable” . Fascists are hostile to socialism and feminism because they are seen as putting class or gender above the nation. In an organic community anything that goes before the state is a threat to the mobilization of that group of people. Where does that leave women then who were the very bearers of these oh so negative virtues and necessary for the state? Fascists

Heinrich Himmler bio Essay

1959 words - 8 pages an all-embracing empire within the Nazi State.Elected in 1930 to the Reichstag as Nazi deputy for Weser-Ems, Himmler concentrated on extending SS membership--which reached 52,000 by 1933--and securing its independence from control by Rohm's SA, to which it was initially subordinated. He organized the Security Service (SD) under Reinhard Heydrich, originally an ideological intelligence service of the Party, and together the two men ensured that

The Constraints of Indifference on Freedom vanderbilt dio

2991 words - 12 pages topic. The purpose of the "Millennium Evenings" is best explained by Hilary Clinton in her introductory remarks. She says that the event was "designed to mark this specific turning point in history by honoring the past and imagining the future" (White House Transcript, 2). It marked the 54th anniversary of Wiesel's freedom from the Nazi death camps, as well as, the death of former president Franklin Roosevelt. As a forum on the closing century

China and Economic Reform

4634 words - 19 pages with the United States. Indeed, just in the past few days, it took a last-minute lobbying campaign by President Clinton and his Cabinet [to head off a] potentially embarrassing vote by the House of Representatives to restrict trade with China as a way to punish Beijing for reported human rights violations. (Bradsher A7) But China's problems in joining the community of the world market have more to do than with its political ethos and practices

Trees on Fire

8010 words - 32 pages of Eugenics (1983)S. Kuehl, The Nazi Connection: American Racism and German National Socialism (1994)R.J. Lifton, The Nazi Doctors, Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide (1986)P. A. Lombardo, ed. A Century of Eugenics in America: From the Indiana Experiment to the Human Genome Era (2011)C. MacKellar and C. Bechtel, The Ethics of the New Eugenics ( 2014)P.M.H. Mazumdar (2008), The Eugenics Movement: An International Perspective vols, 1-6

What is World History?

4790 words - 19 pages resources, encourages biodiversity, and works with nature, rather than against it. The roots of counterculturalism lie partly in the romantic world-view of the early 19th Century, partly in the utopian socialism of the same period, partly in various religious traditions, especially both Eastern and Western mysticism and gnosticism, and of course partly in the environmental activism of the last 40 or 50 years. So Green history is not environmental

Chinese Economic Reform under Communist Rule

4627 words - 19 pages political ethos and practices. China appears not to understand or to be able to follow through on fundamental modern economic practices. For example, the United States has recently complained that 'China has not complied with international rules on access to its markets and protection of copyrights and patents' (Gargan 14). Such non-compliance could make it difficult for China to become a founding member of the World Trade Organization, the successor to

Georg Lukacs, "the Ideology of Modernism"

9742 words - 39 pages realists like Balzac and Flaubert and Zola were able to pinpoint and analyze the crippling problems of capitalism in their novels. The modernists, living in a later and more chaotic (and transitional -- moving toward socialism!) era, couldn't see things this clearly. They just painted nightmares -- the nightmares they were living as capitalism collapsed. Lukacs starts off by promising to pay attention to the ideological underpinnings of these

Effective Educational Practices

2419 words - 10 pages Due to the very nature of educators all across this nation being in an age where accountability is the driving force behind educational systems, leaders must look at changing the way they do things by doing educational research to meet the standards of No Child Left Behind (NCLB). According to Lodico, Spaulding, & Voeglte (2010), meeting NCLB requirements makes knowledge of educational research an essential component of professional preparation

Family Therapy Involving an Alcoholic Parent

1724 words - 7 pages One in five adults can identify with growing up with an alcoholic relative and Twenty-eight million Americans have one parent abusing or dependent on alcoholic (Walker, & Lee, 1998). There are devastating and ubiquitous effects of alcoholism, which vary from psychological, social, or biological problems for families. Counselor’s treating this problem all agree that the relationships within a family, especially between a parent and a child is

Archetypes in Harry Potter

1112 words - 4 pages Since the publication of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone in 1997, J.K. Rowling’s best-selling series has become enormously popular, evidenced in part by its translation into more than seventy languages (Plunkett). As its popularity has increased, it has been held in correspondingly higher esteem until Harry Potter finally joined the likes of Peter Pan and Robin Hood, and Rowling’s series was unofficially labeled Children’s Literature. Due

Similar Essays

Athens Vs. Sparta Essay

1620 words - 6 pages Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The focus of the times was directed towards military capabilities, while the Athenians were more interested in comfort and culture. It was the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as its first priority

Defiance Essay

1883 words - 8 pages increasingly isolated -and persecuted- by the same social institutions who had demanded so high a sacrifice during the second World War, a sacrifice summoned and re-visited by the looming threat of a war with Vietnam. The landmark Brown vs. Board of Education was seen by many as a hollow victory, given the lethargic response of the Eisenhower administration to enforce the legislation, particularly in the Southern states where racial tensions, unaddressed

What Role Did The Nazi Party Play In The Revolutionising Of German State And Society Between 1933 And 1939? With Full Bibliography

2410 words - 10 pages It cannot be argued that the Nazi Party did not make drastic changes within the German State and within German Society. What is arguable is whether the Nazi Party could be deemed responsible for revolutionising Germany. This essay will look to see if there was any transformation within German society and if so what role did the Nazi Party play. To ascertain the role played by the Nazi Party this essay will explore the political, economical, and

Stanley Kubrick’s Dr. Strangelove Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb

2201 words - 9 pages with the Nazi Party that he still seems to act upon at times, as seen through his Nazi salutes and referring to the president as “Mein Führer”. However, as a character his deranged actions play to the caricature of a mad scientist, which would increase his ethos in relation to his scientific abilities as this caricature would suggest. The logos in Dr. Strangelove’s argument are very upfront at the beginning, though as his argument continues he