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Nazism Vs Fascism Essay

908 words - 4 pages

RUNNING HEADER: Nazism and FascismNazism and FascismNazism Versus FascismNovember 2, 2014During the era of the World Wars there were two extreme right-wing political ideologies that emerged. Those two political ideologies that came about were Fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany. While Fascism and Nazism emerged in two different countries and had their differences, they also had a number of similarities between them. Both the differences and the similarities between Nazism and Fascism range from how they began, where they came from, the factors that allowed both groups to rise to power, and the ultimate goals of both political regimes.While there were many differences between Fascism and Nazism during the World Wars era, they did hold many very similar traits as well. Both Fascism and Nazism were influenced greatly by the rise of nationalism throughout Europe, and the rest of the world. Also, both political groups carried a fear of communism, and were very dissatisfied with the outcome of the First World War, which greatly influenced their ideals. The Nazis were led by a very charismatic and powerful leader, Adolf Hitler whom the German people believed was the only man who could help them move forward. Just like the Nazis in Germany, the Fascists in Italy were led by a singular leader, Benito Mussolini. Under these leaders, both groups grew into power, and held power by use of violence, fear, and the rejection of both democracy and communism alike.Nazism and Fascism, although were very similar in many ways, also had quite a few differences. The main difference between the two political groups was the rejection of race and anti-Semitism of the Italian Fascists. The Nazis believed strongly in anti-Semitism and racism, while the Fascists did not believe is such ideals. Yes, both political groups were fueled by nationalism, but Fascism did not reject other nationalities like the Nazis in Germany did. While Hitler was focused on an ethnically "clean" race to go along with his ideals of expansionism, Mussolini was more driven by pure territorial expansionism and did not focus on any sort of ethnical cleansing.Just as there are similarities and differences in the ideals of Nazism and Fascism, there are similarities and differences in the factors that allowed them to rise to power too. For Nazism, there were three very main factors that allowed them to move into power and become popular during that era. A very long running history of authoritarianism, anti-Semitism, and nationalism in Germany was one of the major factors that allowed Nazism to gain power (Shubert & Goldstein, 2012). Another factor that fueled the growth and power of the Nazi party at that time was the failure of the existing regime to sufficiently handle the state of the failing economy in...

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