Neanderthals And Human Beings Essay

997 words - 4 pages

The most recent ancestor to the modern human, Homo neanderthalensis existed between 300,000 and 35,000 years ago. Originating in Africa, ancestors of the early Neanderthals migrated northwards almost 800,000 years ago. These migrants colonized much of the Old World with the majority based in Europe and small groups scattered throughout the Middle East and Asia. Historically, the Neanderthals were among the most resiliant creatures to exist on Earth. As a population, they thrived during the European ice age 40,000 years ago. This ice age enveloped the majority of Northern and Central Europe and due to their physique were the Neanderthals were able to surive. Physcially, the Neanderthals ...view middle of the document...

The Neanderthals have been imagined by scholars as a large and muscular hominid group that survived primarily in Central Europe in the harsh ice age like conditions. In various groups, they survived dangerously by hunting much larger animals, requiring natural strength and agility. Their weapons which consisted at most consisted of spears which required confrontational hunting. The average Neanderthal life spanned thirty years due to the extreme physical strain and harsh living conditions of life during this period of Earth’s history.
Traditionally, Neanderthals have been viewed as large, hulking ape like beings that survived by aggression and power through the harshest conditions possible on earth. They have been painted as unsophisticated and unable to compete with humans on an intellectual level. These academics theorized that superior human intellect and reasoning gave humans the advantage in hunting game and securing the most valuable natural resource, eventually driving the Homo neanderthalensis to extinction 30,000 years ago. Popular culture describes Neanderthals as first viewed by science as large, hulking ape like beings. However, new evidence suggests that one of the first reconstructed Neanderthal skeletons did not consider that the individual suffered from acute arthritis. Despite unique, this Neanderthal ‘s hunching posture was associated with the entire species, giving one the impression of a “brutish caveman”. This new understanding has reformed research on the Neanderthal and a new understanding of humanity’s earliest ancestor

By examining Neanderthal tools and utensils one can gain an understanding of the complexity of Neanderthal life. In terms of tools, the Neanderthals chose specific stones to use as cutting tools. As documented in the video Decoding Neanderthals, the technique used to craft the right flint that could be sharpened regularly was extremely complex. These stones were also The complexity of shaving technique suggests that Homo neanderthalensis had a higher degree of intelligence than previously thought. In addition, the cut stones were used as weapons and fixed to wooden staffs to be made spears. Through a complicated process of heating up...

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