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Necessity Of Affirmative Action Essay

1135 words - 5 pages

It is illegal to institute quotas and to fulfill them solely based on the race or gender of the applicant in any affirmative action programs. Employers and schools are required to set goals and time frames, for hiring or recruiting women and minorities to achieve racial diversity. Due to under representation of African Americans, women and minorities, affirmative action was created. It was created to ensure the inclusion of all qualified individuals and to prevent race and gender discrimination. An employer is not required to hire a person who lacks the qualifications needed to perform the job successfully in seeking to achieve its goals, or to choose one less qualified than the other based on race or gender. There are no legal penalties for employers as well as schools if goals are not met, as long as good faith and efforts to achieve them have been made. There is a misconception that some may think, that people of African descent, women and minorities receive preferences on behalf of these policies and that is not true. African Americans, women and minorities are all entitled to receive the opportunities to engage in higher education and occupations that were once denied to them.
"Affirmative action was first established in Executive Order 10925, which was signed by President John F. Kennedy on March 6, 1961 and required government contractors to "not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, creed, color, or national origin" as well as to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin" (US Equal Employment Opportunity Committee). Lyndon B. Johnson reinstated affirmative action in detail and extended its importance, four years later in 1965. He stated that, “Men and women of all races are born with the same range of abilities. But ability is not just the product of birth. Ability is stretched or stunted by the family that you live with, and the neighborhood you live in--by the school you go to and the poverty or the richness of your surroundings. It is the product of a hundred unseen forces playing upon the little infant, the child, and finally the man” (President Johnson). Therefore, we should all consider taking advantage of the opportunity to obtain higher education and increase the chances of the next generations to do so as well.
In fact, affirmative action is a necessity and a stepping-stone for individuals who never had the opportunity to get a great education, and a chance to prove that they would be allowed into that position of power no matter what they are in terms of race. Affirmative action policies require that necessary measures are involved to ensure that blacks and other minorities enjoy the equal opportunities for promotions, salary increases, career advancement, school admissions, scholarships, and financial aid that had been the domain of whites for many...

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