Needle And Syringes Programme Essay

1294 words - 5 pages

The needle and syringe programme (NSP) is the programme that supplies needle and syringe and also other equipment used to prepare and illegal drug. This programme is run by pharmacies and drug services. World Health Organization (2007) stated that the purpose of this programme is to reduce the transmission of blood- borne viruses and other infections that caused by sharing injecting equipment. The work of NSPs has focused on HIV prevention and also rising HIV-prevalence among clients in many locations. This has resulted in producing HIV care and support programmes and antiretroviral treatment programmes which these programmes are critically important. The care and support programmes can be included as medical and nursing care which are the treating and preventing opportunistic infections that including tuberculosis, managing HIV-related illnesses, antiretroviral therapy and psychological support and community involvement (Ball & Crofts, 2003; Lamptey & Gayle, 2003).
For HIV-positive injecting drug users, a wide range of services may be needed. These include access to drug treatment, education and advice about interactions between injected drugs, antiretroviral medicines and treatments for opportunistic infection (Burrows, 2000; HIV/AIDS treatment and care for injecting drug users, 2006). This tough requirement has caused some to reason, incorrectly, that injecting drug users are poor candidates for antiretroviral therapy (ART). Harm reduction approaches are highly effective for injecting drug users in supporting prevention, treatment and care. Appropriate support, provided by broadminded health-care workers and delivered through community-based programmes and outreach strategies, has proven effective. Comprehensive harm reduction programmes also reduce new HIV infections among injecting drug users. Consistent participation in methadone maintenance treatment has been shown to be associated with a higher probability of antiretroviral use, and among these, a more consistent use of or adherence to ART (HIV/AIDS treatment and care for injecting drug users, 2006).
Needle and syringe provision is an essential part of a comprehensive public health approach to HIV prevention. The condition for improved public health are usefully set which identifies the criteria for effective promotion of public health which are the public policies that promote health, the supportive environment for those whose health is at risk, the health services oriented towards preventing health problems, community action and support and developing personal skills. The practical implications of these criteria are discussed where the government policies which are likely to cause or increase health problems may need to be modified or exchanged for policies that are likely to improve public health. For example, in many countries, laws present direct problems to HIV prevention efforts, especially related to needle and syringe provision, outreach and drug substitution programs (Burrow,...

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