This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Needle Exchange: An Effective Strategy To Prevent Disease Transmission Without Increasing Drug Usage.

4343 words - 17 pages


Needle exchange: An effective strategy to prevent disease transmission without increasing drug usage
Earl Driscoll
Community College of Philadelphia
English 102
Professor Douglas Hohen
May 1, 2005

Needle exchange saves lives. Every life is worth saving. Needle exchange is controversial due to questions about efficacy as well as the fear that needle exchange encourages drug usage. The individuals who needle exchange targets are marginalized members of society and as such are viewed by some as disposable; not deserving of the life saving intervention of needle exchange. This paper will look at the literature, research, current opinions, an opinion survey, and include an interview with a staff member of a needle exchange program [NEP].

Needle exchange: An effective strategy to prevent disease transmission without increasing drug usage
Needle exchange is a strategy to reduce the spread of bloodborne disease by providing injection drug users (IDU) with sterile syringes in exchange for used contaminated syringes. According to Cothran (2001):
Based on the assessment that it is impossible to eliminate completely intravenous drug use in society, needle exchanges were first instituted in Amsterdam in 1983 to prevent the transmission of hepatitis B and H.I.V. (human immunodeficiency virus, the causative agent of AIDS), which can occur when needles are shared. (p. 42)
Needle exchange is a strategy of harm reduction. According to Hilton, Thompson, Moore-Dempsey, and Janzen (2001):
Harm reduction does not seek to eliminate drug use; it focuses on minimizing the personal and social harms and costs associated with drug use and spread of HIV. It seeks to ameliorate conditions surrounding drug use responsible for the spread of HIV in the IDU community: unequal access to health services; sharing of infected needles; racial and social discrimination; poverty; exposure to street violence; inadequate housing; lack of employment; poor general or mental health and other demographic and social determinates. (p.357)
According to Strathdee (2004) two fundamental principles are at the heart of needle exchange: harm reduction and circulation theory. The former is a pragmatic strategy to reduce the acquisition of infectious diseases among injection drug users. HIV and other bloodborne diseases such as hepatitis B and C are bigger threats than ongoing drug use. When someone who injects drugs contracts the HIV virus and has unprotected sex with a person who does not inject drugs, the injection drug user potentially infects the non-injection drug using partner. Obviously harm reduction not only reduces the harm to the individuals who inject drugs, but to the larger community as well. The later is a theory that needle exchange will reduce the amount of time that a potentially contaminated syringe is in the community. When a syringe is in the community for a shorter time it becomes less likely...

Find Another Essay On Needle exchange: An effective strategy to prevent disease transmission without increasing drug usage.

Techniques to Boost Employee Morale Without Increasing Salaries

1985 words - 8 pages , Davis Applied Technology College employees experienced a wage decrease effective January 1, 2009. At the present time, this wage decrease has not been reinstated. Once the wage decrease was implemented, employee morale plummeted to an all-time low as demonstrated by water cooler gossip, negativity and unwarranted finger pointing. Overall, employees have grown tired and weary. As a general rule, gratitude for employment has become less and

Development of an Easy, Safe and Effective Method to Identify Drug Incompatibilities

2579 words - 10 pages DEVELOPMENT OF AN EASY, SAFE AND EFFECTIVE METHOD TO IDENTIFY DRUG INCOMPATIBILITIES INTRODUCTION Drug therapy is a complex process with innumerable parameters modulating its success and safety. The most vulnerable patients at risk of increased drug errors are those who require intensive care treatment. In such patients, multiple co-morbidity and multiorgan failure are frequent, with increasing mortality rate, oral drug treatment is often

Using Isolation Precaution to Prevent the Spread of Disease

1027 words - 5 pages Isolation precaution to prevent disease from spreading An isolation precaution helps prevent the spread of infections by creating a barrier between people and germs. In a hospital setting, germs and microorganisms reside everywhere, whether those microorganisms are on door handles, computers, or even the floor. Each patient room should be clean and sanitized, with the disposal of any old linen or instruments. New equipment should be used for

How to Prevent Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease from Getting Worse

1503 words - 7 pages Center stated that, “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease gets worse over time. You can’t undo the damage to your lungs. But you can take steps to prevent more damage” (COPD Health Center February 10, 2014). This article states that Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease will get worse if the damage to a person’s lungs continue. This means that a person would need to maintain healthy lifestyle factors that will make Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary

Efficient Discharge Instruction and Effective Patient Communication to Prevent Readmission

2065 words - 8 pages of reducing medication during discharge for effective discharge planning is an important component to consider. Elliott and MCline suggest that, due to pharmacists and doctors “lack of time” the complexity of the medication regime goes without an implementation of identified simplification related changes. This researcher also supports the view that older patient’s medication could possibly be reduced without altering the therapeutic intent of the

What is the most effective method to prevent teen suicide?

838 words - 4 pages environment and conditions and to produce offspring. Then, if so, what factors make one to abandon their lives? While depression and drug overdose frequently adults to commit suicide the factors that lead teenagers to commit suicide are different due to many reasons. Teenagers go through cognitive, emotional, and behavioral development, which can be affected by different matters than adult can. As the evidence, while many adults commit suicide due to

Reconstitution: An Effective Strategy for Nimitz?

1017 words - 5 pages applied. The state needs to rethink the value of Reconstitution as it applies and come up with more effective changes. Works Cited King Rice, Jennifer, and Better Malen. “School Reconstitution as an Education Reform Strategy: A Synopsis of the Evidence.” National Education Association, 2010. Web. 31 Oct. 2013.

Digital Piracy: A Problem Without an Effective Solution

1597 words - 6 pages society, current state and effectiveness of the method. Moreover, paper demonstrates that no of these methods are not working alone in effective way. Background Piracy in numbers: In the 21st century the digital media and software industry are going to be one of the most profitable businesses and an annual growth of the industry is significant. For example, according to Adobe Corporation’s annual revenue report (2008) an income

The Keys to Effective Recruitment Strategy

1626 words - 7 pages Recruitment is the process of identifying and attracting potential employees for an organization. Every engineering firm must have an effective recruitment strategy in place that allows them attract and retain high quality employees. The key to an effective recruitment strategy is having one that fits the budget, time capacity and company. Therefore, it is recommended that the engineering firm begins with proper predictive measures where it

Are statins an effective treatment for coronary heart disease?

1515 words - 7 pages almost 74,000 deaths in the UK, averaging to 200 people each day. More than 25,000 people under the age of 75 die from CHD each year in the UK. Coronary Heart Disease is when the arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the heart (the coronary arteries) become narrow due to the build-up of a fatty deposit called an ‘atheroma’. This narrowing of the arteries is known as ‘atherosclerosis.’ Eventually, over time, as the artery that has been

How To Prevent Youth Alcohol Abuse, An Indepth Report

6058 words - 25 pages during their lifetime than are people who begin drinking at age 21 (Grant and Dawson 1997). Therefore, it is clearly an important public health goal to delay the inination of alcohol use among young adolescents for the benefit of their current and long-term health.To develop effective programs to prevent alcohol use among young adolescents, it is necessary to first identify the causes of use. The identification of those causes involves a combination

Similar Essays

The Needle Exchange Program: The Wrong Answer To Drug Abuse

2989 words - 12 pages complications. There is no good outcome to untreated drug abuse, and supplying addicts with new needles is not the solution. Also, there is no guarantee how the needles are used once the addict departs with them, which can open the counterargument that these programs have the potential to increase, not decrease, the spread of deadly disease ("Needle-Exchange Programs May Not Reduce the Transmission of HIV" 1). Who is to say that an addict will not end up

Needle Exchange Programs: Effective Or Ineffective?

2504 words - 11 pages Although needle exchange programs have been successful, they have had some criticism. One of the main goals in the needle exchange program is to prevent or to reduce the rate of transmission of any infectious diseases, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C by distributing sterile syringes. The intended group that this program is trying to focus on is injecting drug users, since they have a high rate of either repeatedly

Do School Sports Help Prevent Drug Usage?

1127 words - 5 pages drugs and in 2011, around 7 million citizens were registered as drug addicts. Now, is this problem tackable? Are there proven ways to prevent drug usage? Recent surveys and experiments-over-time on students have shown simple yet powerful ways to address this problem. One of the top-used one was “sports”. Sports, in fact, are, and have been, the cure to depression, obesity and of course, drugs. Why is that so? The simple answer is that sports solely

Effective Approaches To Prevent Teen Pregnancy

1162 words - 5 pages Effective approaches to prevent teen pregnancy After reading numerous articles and abstracts in regards to the ever so intriguing topic of teen pregnancy, I’ve come to a conclusion which is a little different than I had expected. Before reading any of the literature on teen pregnancy, I was under the assumption that the sex education classes provided in school were an extremely effective weapon against unwanted teenage pregnancies. Of the